Seas aren’t just rising, scientists say — it’s worse than that. They’re speeding up.

On a warming Earth, seas inevitably rise, as ice on land melts and makes its way to the ocean. And not only that — the ocean itself swells, because warm water expands. We already know this is happening — according to NASA, seas are currently rising at a rate of 3.5 millimeters per year, which converts to about 1.4 inches per decade.

However, scientists have long expected that the story should be even worse than this. Predictions suggest that seas should not only rise, but that the rise should accelerate, meaning that the annual rate of rise should itself increase over time. That’s because the great ice sheets, Greenland and Antarctica, should lose more and more mass, and the heat in the ocean should also increase.

The problem, or even mystery, is that scientists haven’t seen an unambiguous acceleration of sea level rise in a data record that’s considered the best for observing the problem — the one produced by the TOPEX/Poseidon satellite, which launched in late 1992 and carries an instrument, called a radar altimeter, that gives a very precise measurement of sea level around the globe.

This record actually shows a decrease in the rate of sea level rise from the first decade measured by the satellite (1993 to 2002) to the second one (2003 to 2012). “We’ve been looking at the altimeter records and scratching our heads, and saying, ‘why aren’t we seeing an acceleration in the satellite record?’ We should be,” said John Fasullo, a climate scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado.

In a new study in the open-access journal Scientific Reports, however, Fasullo and two colleagues say they have now resolved this problem. It turns out, they say, that sea level rise was artificially masked in the satellite record by the fact that one year before the satellite launched, the Earth experienced a major cooling pulse.

The cause? The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines, which filled the planet’s stratosphere with aerosols that reflected sunlight away from the Earth and actually led to a slight sea level fall in ensuing years as the ocean temporarily cooled.

“What we’ve shown is that sea level acceleration is real, and it continues to be going on, it’s ongoing, and we understand why you don’t see it in the short satellite record,” said Fasullo, who conducted the research along with scientists from the University of Colorado in Bolder and Old Dominion University.

The study was performed using a suite of 40 climate change models to determine how the Pinatubo eruption affected seas and the global distribution of water. The scientists estimate as a result that sea level not only fell between 5 and 7 millimeters due to a major ocean cooling event in the eruption’s wake, but then experienced a rebound, or bounce back, of the same magnitude once the influence of the eruption had passed.

This had a major effect on what the satellite record of sea level looks like, because the bounce-back occurred earlier in the record and made the sea level rise then appear extra fast. So the researchers conclude that while no official acceleration trend can be seen in the satellite record now, that’s an artificial consequence of Pinatubo and should be gone over time — barring another Pinatubo-like event.

“Our initial impression of sea level rise was not only influenced by climate change and the rate of change, but the response and the recovery from the eruption itself,” says Fasullo. “Those effects largely have ebbed by now, and once we get a few more years into the altimeter record, we should see a clear acceleration. That’s really the punchline of the article.”

In fact, the researchers also removed the sea level effect of Pinatubo, and found that when they did so they could see sea level rise acceleration happening already.

Another study last year, using a different record of sea level rise — global tide gauges — in addition to satellite data, also found that sea level rise has accelerated in the last 15 years.

If carbon emissions continue unabated, expanding oceans and massive ice melt would threaten global coastal communities, according to new projections. (Daron Taylor/The Washington Post)

One sea level rise expert who was not involved in the new study, Robert Kopp of Rutgers University, praised the work in response to a query from the Post.

The study, Kopp explained by email, found that the Pinatubo eruption would have caused seas to fall “just before the start of the altimetry record, the recovery from which was spread out of the remainder of the 1990s and therefore masked some of the acceleration that would otherwise have been seen in the tide-gauge record between the 1990s and the 2000s. This makes strong physical sense.”

It also aligns better with actual observations from Greenland and Antarctica. Scientists have shown that both of the Earth’s major ice sheets have seen an accelerating rate of ice loss in recent years, which ought to help drive an accelerating rate of sea level as well.
A record of Greenland mass loss based on satellite data from 2002 to the present day. Data are in gigatons, or GT, equivalent to 1 billion metric tons. (NASA)

A record of Greenland mass loss based on satellite data from 2002 to the present day. Data are in gigatons, or GT, equivalent to 1 billion metric tons. (NASA)

The key question then becomes just how fast the annual rate of sea level rise can actually increase. In one thought experiment recently, former NASA climate scientist James Hansen calculated the consequences if the “doubling time” for ice loss is as fast as 10 years — finding dramatic sea level increases as a result.

“Doubling times of 10, 20 or 40 years yield sea level rise of several meters in 50, 100 or 200 years,” Hansen’s study concluded. However, it is far from clear at this point that ice loss is actually increasing this rapidly.

So far, the U.N.’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change officially estimates that the high-end sea-level rise projection for 2100 is lower than some of these scenarios, closer to about 1 meter (3.3 feet) by that year. But that has recently been challenged by new work estimating that Antarctica alone could add this much to global sea levels by 2100 if high levels of human greenhouse gas emissions continue.

Fasullo says that debate — over precisely how fast acceleration happens, or where that leaves us in 2100 — remains unresolved. For now, he says, at least it’s pretty clear that the acceleration is actually happening as expected.

“Accelerated sea level rise is real, and it’s ongoing, and it’s not something we should doubt based on the altimeter record,” said Fasullo.

Washington Post


Sadiya Umar Farouq, the women under whose watch dates donated by Saudi Arabia for Boko Haram IDPs were stolen and sold in the market, is today our Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Welfare.

The woman reportedly distributed part of the dates to traditional rulers in her state Zamfara, where there are no BH IDPs and kept part in a warehouse in Gusau, Zamfara State.
Not only that Sadiya didn’t pay for her crime, but also her crime paid her. And it paid her fat.
That’s Nigeria under our austere, no-nonsense corruption crusader. ?


Television is something I find very straining to watch and I’m sure I’m not alone. I once stayed at a friend’s house for a week, and not for once did her ever remember the Tele was there. For so long actually, I find my mobile phone and laptop as better points of visual escape. But there’s always the odd times when I feel I need to update my car MP3 with newer songs, and then reach for the music channels. I shuffle every few minutes between MTV, Trace Mziki, Trace Naija, SoundCity, HipTV and back to where I started.

So this morning on the Nigerian music station, Hip TV, the song titled ‘One’ by Tiwa Savage comes on. A fine song, but one I had ceased to enjoy after a much publicised spat over copyright infringement. Released last year, Tiwa lifted the entire hook of the song from a 2009 song ‘Oju Ti Won’ by another artiste—Danny Young.

The artiste reached out to her, initially, not to make trouble but to ask for an official acknowledgement of his intellectual property. She shunned him in the typical Nigerian celebrity manner. It is not unusual for popular people to believe that, all things being equal, a public spat between them and a less known person would always be resolved in their favour.

But Mr. Young, though not as famous, was no pushover. He took his case to YouTube, who yanked the video off their platform. So you can imagine my surprise when I saw the song playing this morning. It is an action that says a lot about the society and their lack of respect for the property of others. That your rights are better protected by techies in faraway California than music televisions in your own country. How could HipTV have played a song that was judged to have breached international copyright convention and removed from YouTube?

This is not to slight Tiwa, whom I consider one of the shiniest stars in the world of Afro-Pop. I also assume she must have learnt her lessons from the saga. But dear me, who is running HipTV and why this national culture of appropriation of other people’s effort without giving credit?

That was how a bunch of consultants working for APC stole their NextLevel logo from a U.S academic. You take an idea to a Ministry or government parastatal, you put up a presentation, and they ask you to await their call. The call or email never comes. But in few months you see that your proposal has been executed—of course shabbily in a cut and join manner since they were the once who conceived it.

Students submit plagiarised term papers from first year till graduation, and then come on Instablog to attack whomever raises an objection that their work was stolen. Even right here on Facebook, if you pay attention, you’d find enablers of this amoral idiocy who will tell you to be happy that people find your work good enough to lift it without giving credit.

Tomorrow, if you duplicated HipTV station in some clandestine location and proceed to profit from it, they would curse, swear, and call for thunder to visit you. But that is the way of butchers. They despise the idea of people walking behind them with machetes.



Arije is a Yoruba sobriquet for a nefarious fellow who benefits from destruction, and thrives in evil. His significance is directly proportional to the magnitude of the trouble at hand. Arije’s full name is _Arijeninumadaru._ And it is worse than it sounds!

Arije is a pig who loves to wallow in dirt as long it gets fat and fatter. Arije is a vulture, the scavenger that thrives on the death of “lesser,” less-privileged animals. That is, those that don’t have its uncanny dexterity to connive with the elements to prosper ignobly.

Arije is a typology or an archetype of Yoruba politicians who are beneficiaries of this present and past darkness. And who have already built a future of pipe-dreams!

Among the mortals of the Yoruba tribe has always been this subtribe of Yoruba Arijes. They’re giant mosquitoes, blood suckers, mere-men of elephantiasis greed.

If you could wake Chief Obafemi Awolowo from the dead today, he’ll gladly give you a fairly long list of these conscienceless irritants that love to truncate the destiny of their race as long as there is something in it for them.

If you could knudge Chief Adekunle Ajasin to consciousness, even for a moment, he would tell you how money strangled sanity and sanctity in the 1980s with the active participation of Arijes.

Arijes can conduct Ondo State primary elections in Ibadan! Primaries? What primaries?!? Arijes need not primaries nor votes to win elections in a storm-slide. For they neither fear God nor men!

Indeed, Arijes would dine with the devil and his grandchildren to ensure that justice is slain; reason eviscerated, and integrity sentenced to death to rise no more.

Arijes connive with the enemies of their race to fulfil the adage that if death from insiders does not kill one, the one from outsiders is powerless. And the wily Northern conspirators love Arijes knowing that these _Yaribansa_ have a cheap price. Their highest price is the promise of one ceremonial position in Abuja. The mouth-watering carrot of presidency dangled before Arijes will make them sell their ancestors and future generations to the lowest bidder.

Arijes are vociferous when they are in opposition but become conveniently deaf and dumb when they are in power and when matters concern their political-business partners. They throw spanners in the national and regional works when they don’t have their way but oil the wheels of ineptitude when they or their allies rule.

Arijes term dissimulation politics and have elevated deceit to an art that Picasso would gloat. They build a family of yeah-sayers and tie them and their destinies around their fingers. Arijes’ family and “all-right sirs” are promoted beyond their competence and significance. Their fronts-surrogates formulate inanities as policies; build spit-structures including bridges of corruption.

While Arijes are busy plying their infernal trade, everything around them except their bullion-van loads of filthy lucre crashes in their region. Education that the Yorubas pride and were once well-known for, now takes back-seat positions of dishonour in the comity of states.

While core Northern states that were known for illiteracy in decades past now parade doctors and professors as governors, Arijes present certificate-less non-entities as leaders. And if need be, to cover this debacle, certificates are manufactured from the University of Neverland, a place not-too-far from the United States of Phantomland.

Lagos-Ibadan and Lagos-Badagry expressways turn to nightmare in the daytime while Ife-Ilesha road is the herdsmen cash-cow route at all times. Apapa gridlock defies logic. Famed western cocoa industries and palm oil plantations dissolve into oblivion. Regional architectural, legacies from heroes past turn unapologetically to private property.

In search of non-existing employment, the youths create yahoo-yahoo plus ritual empires and make loud music of their escapades.

Once pacesetters, now the world has left the Yorubas behind in the clutches of Arijes’ graft-stained claws

Sharing the core of Arijes’ hearts with greed is cowardice. In the land of the Aare Ona Kakanfos who spat fire and ate enemies for dinner with efo and ewedu, Arijes are little-livered, clay-footed techno-rats who are well-behaved when the fat-cats of their political masters are on the prowl. Arijes and their hailers call that “strategy” and advertise it as “wisdom.” But they’re more afraid of losing their hard-earned loot and spending the rest of their days in prison.

Arijes’ cowardice shuts their mouths, colours their conscience; blinds their eyes and blocks their ears. They see no kidnap, no infiltration of their land, no death of their tribesmen by alien forces. They care not that the roof is burning nor for the fact that the ground is sinking because they live cosily in suspension between heaven and earth.

Nevertheless, Arijes have a certain end. Time will be when they’ll be swept under the carpet of history; and washed away in the sea of forgetfulness. When all their ghoulish structures would have collapsed. When their loot would have been devalued within the complex realities of new dispensations. Only that just as the Yoruba ancestors said, “Before the ground would swallow a wicked person, enough evil would have been perpetrated.”

-Deji Lawson


Few in Nigeria know who are the Daleks. But those who read and watch science fiction especially the British inspired Doctor Who, who is in his 6th Incarnation since his creation in 1963, will know who or what are the Daleks.
Created by a fictional Davros, the Daleks were a race of nomads whose goal in the universe was to invade distant habitable worlds in a bid to rob others of their natural resources.
“Exterminate, exterminate” was the common catch phrase of the Daleks as all before them were brutally killed in such barbaric ways that one wondered if such beings could truly exist. Despite battling the Daleks time and time again, Dr Who over the half-century of tv series and novels never truly subdued the Daleks. They remain the most dogged science fiction villians of all time only rivaled by the Sith Lords in Star Wars.
Nigeria seems to be locked in a similar struggle against armed Fulani marauders called Fulani Herdsmen by most mainstream media. These herdsmen can be likened to the Daleks who successive regimes have had to live through their perpetually menace yet noone seems capable of containing these rampaging marauders.
Recently the Fulani Daleks returned to Enugu state to wreck havoc. As the truth behind this dastardly attack by these herdsmen is only being known, one shudders at the horror of hearing scores of people being eviserated, pregnant women being laid open by these Daleks and their fetuses prematurely delivered to ensure future generations shall cease to exist from their infancy, these tales are only reminiscent of the rampaging Daleks screaming “Exterminate” at the top of their voice.
Indeed Dr Who’s antagonistic Daleks were half human and half machines integrated to form the ultimate killing machine that is without remorse or mercy.
Likewise these Fulani Herdsmen, who slaughter without mercy or remorse, one is left wondering if they are human beings or monsters like the Daleks, whose originators modelled their merciless murderous ways after the German Nazi Stormtroopers of the 2nd World War.
And just like the Daleks who sought to destroy the Religious beings called the Time Lords that held the fabric of the Doctor Who Universe together, these herdsmen deliberatly target Priests and traditional leaders for their most brutal slayings as shown by the invasion of Enugu and Benue States where a Seminarian and Traditional leader were beheaded respectively.
And just like in previous regimes the Fulani Daleks have returned with even greater ferocity.
But why does one revisit this issue that has seemed to be overflogged?
Indeed the recent comments and actions of President Buhari gives one cause for concern.
In one breath while being interviewed by the foreign press in faraway Kenya while attending the Japan-Africa Economic Summit, the President promised to return security to Nigeria by dealing with Niger Delta Militants with similar ferocity as he dealt with the Boko Haram Menace.
Indeed this is seen by all as Operation Crocodile Smile has commenced phase 2 in the swamps of the Delta after one of the most impressive military builds up in recent times. In less than 48hrs since phase 2 commenced, Notorious kidnappers and militants have been killed and their bodies laid on display for the public to snap pictures and upload to social media to continue the pretext that all is well.
Alas in all this discourse no mention was made of how the President and his armed forces intend to deal with the menace of the Fulani Herdsmen?
Is the President in denial that his kinsmen have become the number 1 quintessential threat to the corporate existence of Nigeria?
After Operation Crocodile Smile is there going to be an Operation Desert Shield to protect Nigerians South of the Sahel Savannah from these merciless exterminators of mankind who value grazing lands for their cows over human life?
For how long will the tales of rape and pillage go on as these Herdsmen continue to lay waste to communities so as to gain access to ancestral land that doesn’t belong to them that their cows may feed fat on the toil of others?
The President and his handlers should be told that these Fulani Herdsmen should feature as number one on his to do list or Risk Assessment Dossier as the Intelligence officers tend to call it, for the potential this crisis has to thrust Nigeria into another civil war is as real as can be. Even at the height of Boko Haram these criminals kept their activities restricted to the North and never attacked locations South of the Sahel Savanna hence avoiding a full blown ethnoreligious conflict
However these Fulani Herdsmen are not that restricted as their reach is wide and ubiquitious popping up in various States across the country to kill, maim and destroy. Nothing more fuels regional anger more that the inability of the Government to contain these marauders. Hence if nothing is done communities shall begin to arm themselves with a policy to shoot any Fulani Man with a cow first thenask questions later. Why allow a nation to descend into such a cycle of violence when there is still time to nip this in the bud before such escalation murders peace totally?
If special forces can be deployed to protect cows from rustlers in the North and Operation Crocodile Smile to deal with Militants blowing up oil installations one must ask what plans are on ground to deal with these Marauders?
Or is it because the people killed have no voice to speak on their behalf hence their deaths can be swept under the carpet?
Indeed that is the biggest folly to ignore this problem for the tension and anger in various communities is reaching boiling point.
Fulani Herdsmen have remained a recurring decibel in Nigerian history. If the President continues to treat this issue with kids glooves then one does’t need to be a clairvoyant to see an end not dissimilar to the Thals, the fictional race who failed to contain the Daleks while Davros their creator was still tinkering with his rudimentary killing machines.
The Thals lived to rue their costly mistake as their rule and dominance was

eventually utterly destroyed by the Daleks as their nation lay divided and in ruins.
The President of Nigeria has a task fufill “End the reign of the Rampaging Fulani Herdsmen or risk Nigeria imploding into a deadly new civil war.”

Credits: Attah Essien

Is Wadume Not What We Know of Our Leaders, Politics and Evolving Cultures? Jelili Adebiyi

Since the inconceivable incident that led to the death of four police officers in Taraba made newspaper headlines, Hamisu Bala, alias Wadume, the kidnap kingpin at the center of the saga has been the talk in town. In Wadume, many see a bandit, a kidnapper. Yes, he is! Yet, the majority of the commentators on the issue stop short of asking who Wadume is? What was his background like and his status in his community before his arrest? Why was Wadume accepted in his community, viewed as a philanthropist and made a youth leader without questions being asked? How is Wadume different from our leaders and the dirty foot soldiers at their service? This opinion piece addresses these questions by drawing on what has been reported of Wadume, his own account of himself and what is known of our political leaders and politics.

Like most Nigerians of his age, the 34-year old Wadume is from a poverty troubled home. Wadume dropped out of secondary school due to the financial constraints faced by his parents. He had fewer options of what next to do to earn a decent living, a problem that is facing many of our countrymen, including those with a good university education. Like his parents, Wadume embraced the fishing business as a form of livelihood.

Petrified of dying from ocean waves, Wadume narrated that he restricted himself to buying and selling of fish, making about N5, 000.00 a day. Somewhat successful he was that he purportedly saved enough money from his fish merchandise to erect a fish pond, a new business line he maintained for some years before venturing into gunrunning.

From the sales of just one AK-47, Wadume could make about N350, 000.00 profit. He sold a lot of guns to those he identified as bad boys in his areas, bandits and all sorts of criminal elements to the extent that he became a Big Man.

Money earned Wadume fame, visibility and coveted roles in his community. He became a philanthropist and a youth leader, a highly influential one. To further secure his future, Wadume diversified his business lines by adding politics, from which he noted: “I made so much money from politicians.” A curious mind would like to know, how did this happen, an issue that is addressed below.

Wadume was offering certain paid services to politicians. Accordingly, Wadume stated, “I am a youth leader, so I have a strong relationship with a lot of bad boys that is why I knew that I would surely excel in the business”. Here, Wadume connected youth leadership, with knowing bad boys and staying successful in his illegal gun dealership. Obviously, the bad boys were patronizing Wadume’s guns and maybe, were sources of new customers for his guns. Sad enough no one seems to be asking how did Wadume make his money from politicians, an issue that ought to have enthused the curiosity of many, especially our acclaimed corruption-hating president.

The bad boys were also human assets to Wadume politically, because he saw opportunities in selling their bad boyships as services to politicians in return for money. This could mean supplying bad boys to politician kill, maim and tame their political opponents. Wadume has the guns he could offer his bay boys to do their jobs for politicians. And he may be selling arms to politicians to distribute to their own bad boys. Dropping some hints, Wadume stated, “As a youth leader, money meant for the youth was given to me. I am to mobilize them, hire thugs where necessary and make arrangement for weapons that can be used to protect our people. There is a lot of killing in my state, so it’s wise to always protect yourself in-case of any attack. It was during 2015 and 2019 elections that I made so much money to acquire cars and houses”.

It appears no one, or not so many people are asking how many people were killed by Wadume bad boys in the course of delivering service for APC and PDP? Mr. President seems not perturbed by the gravity of this allegation!

Wadume was not only providing services to politicians, but he also became a kingmaker in his own right. As he recounted, he claimed credit for the electoral victory of PMB in Ibi, his home town, during the recently concluded election. During the 2019 gubernatorial election in his state, as a mercenary, Wadume averred, “I switched over to PDP and assisted them to win” adding that, “in politics, if you want to make money, one needs to join the winning team.” He added, “I couldn’t get the ticket of PDP or APC to contest for State House of Assembly. Luckily, Young Democratic Party (YDP) accepted me but I still lost the election”.

To ensure that his “businesses” and ignoble acts were fully secured, Wadume added our security men to the unholy equation. He built a camaraderie with them and gained fame among our security men in his state. From time-to-time, Wadume would gift to the security folks in his domain, Owo Awon Boys (bribe), ranging from at least N20, 000.00. The reason he noted, “it was necessary so that no one will disturb my businesses”. That was Wadume speaking to the tarmac culture of reciprocity, rub my back, I rub your back.

Captain Balarabe currently in the eyes of the storm was one of Wadume’s beneficiaries of free gifted money and free ileya ram gifting culture. Wadume benefited Captain Balarabe in many ways to the extent that when Wadume was arrested by the police, without any request for help, Captain Balarabe felt obligated to intervene. Captain Balarabe allegedly sent his men to forcefully secure the release of Wadume from his “assailants,” a mission that led to the death of about four policemen.

Wadume noted, “On the day I was rescued, I never knew he (Captain Balarabe) was the one that came to my rescue until I got to his house”. Providing further details, Wadume stated, “The soldiers quickly rescued me and took me to a red saloon car and we drove off immediately.” He was driven to Captain Balarabe’s house.

Indicting a highly rank police officer as an accomplice in how he regained his freedom, Wadume narrated that Captain Balarabe “called the DCO of Ibi Police Division, one ASP Aondona Lorbee. He came to the house and told the Captain that he could not find the key. They then brought an iron cutter and cut the handcuffs on my hands and legs”.

Next, Wadume dropped a bombshell that detailed what he saw and how he felt when Captain Balarabe’s boys brought the corpse of the policemen they allegedly sacrificed to free him: “I was outside when I saw the soldiers drive in with four dead men. They dropped them on the ground and I realized that these were the people who arrested me. I was shocked because they were all alive after the vehicle somersaulted.” Sadly, he added, “even the DCO saw the dead bodies and just looked at them and left the compound. While the dead bodies were still on the ground, I decided to find my way before anyone will know that I was there”.

Wadume’s story has attracted a lot of news coverage and triggered ceaseless conversations on social media spaces in Nigeria. Yet, it has not triggered any major national outcry. Attention has mostly focused on Wadume as a kidnapper. But are there no other Wadumes around? How is Wadume different from our governors and political leaders? Are they not one of the same variants? Here, the story of Late “Hon.” Olatoye Temitope, alias Sugar, comes to mind.

From being the face of the fight against cultism at Osiele, Sugar graduated into a community leader and then a notorious serial killer, whose service was allegedly secured by Gbenga Daniel, when he was a governor. Daniel appointed Sugar as a supervisory councilor in Odeda Local Government, during which he was reported to have provided similar political services to the governor, as Wadume did to his political patrons. Impressed by the quality of Sugar’s service, allegedly measured in brutality terms, Governor Gbenga Daniel elevated Sugar in status by appointing him as a State Special Adviser. Working with Sugar were other variants of Wadume, including Ologbowon, Ozogula and Bukky Boy.

Akin to Wadume, Sugar made money and acquired fame through notoriety, by working with politicians offering bad boyish services and by trading in politics too. Like Wadume too, Sugar became a youth leader and also built a solid relationship with the security men in Ogun State and Ibadan. Sugar also became renowned for gifting money to people and for various acts of philanthropism. No one ever really worried about nor questioned how Sugar made his money. Unlike Wadume, Sugar made it to the State of Assembly in Oyo State in 2011 and to the Federal House of Assembly in 2015-2019, representing Lagelu/Akinyele. On March 9, 2019, Sugar was consumed by the culture of violence that cultivated him and earned him money, fame, and power.

An inquisitive mind also wants to know how is Wadume and Sugar any different from the notorious gangs called State Boys in Osun State, who are allegedly working for APC. An inquiring mind wants to know how is Wadume different from Asiri Eniba, and Sunday Igboho, whose service Governor Rahidi Ladoja once patronized. Igboho’s boys are a menace in Osun now, working in partnership with politicians.

Is Wadume any different from Buharin Daji alias Dogon Bangaje. Daji, who, before his death, was an infamous and a popular forest bandit leader in Zamfara. Like Sugar, Daji benefitted from his infamy, and he was appointed a Special Adviser to Governor Abdul’aziz Abubakar Yari of Zamfara State. Daji and his gang of bad boys were responsible for the death of many innocent souls in the state.

As a governor, during his first term, Ayodele Fayose allegedly kept and used a killing squad, another reflection of the Wadume in our leaders. Even President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan worked with notorious elements like Tompolo, Boyloaf, and General Shoot-at-Sight to win an election, as his foot soldiers during his reign as the president and as a support group for his failed presidential reelection bid. During the gubernatorial election in Rivers State, another Wadume played out as Wike and Amaechi’s camp unleashed terror on one another and our security men. The bad boyish component in Wadume business lines played out. PDP Wike and APC Amaechi bad boys traded war-type heavy gunshots, targeted against themselves, their opponents, our security men, and innocent citizens. People got killed, with some left to nurse live injuries sustained from the terrorist acts.

On January 8, 2019, during the gubernatorial flag-off campaign of Babajide Sanwolu of APC, notorious garage elements traded gunshots, matcheted and stabbed one another. There is no evidence that those involved in the criminal act have been prosecuted. While responding to the act of terror, APC spokesperson, Joe Igbokwe stated, “NURTW took their gang war to our venue, but thank God it was not worse. We are overcomers. We are not denying they are our members, but must they take their struggle for power and supremacy to our campaign ground to endanger other people”.

In Ayoade Akinibosun, is the Wadume of Senator Bukola Saraki, a former Governor and a one-term Senate President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Ayoade was the gang leader of the armed group that struck in Offa, on April 4, 2018, robbing a bank, killing six policemen, a pregnant woman and no fewer than 20 passersby. Akin to Wadume, Ayoade was a youth leader and the Chairman of the Liberation Youth Movement, Kwara South, a political group populated by bad boys, and which was allegedly funded and founded at the instance of Senator Bukola Saraki.

Describing what is group was to Bukola Saraki and the Wadume-type activities they were offering him, Ayoade stated, “We are the Senate President’s boys. We work for him at Kwara South. We are the ones that hold Kwara South for him. …We have been working for him since when he was the governor of Kwara State. When he was in PDP.” Ayoade added, “We mobilize for him and we are the ones that do political arrangements for him. For example, where we cannot win, we mobilize people and make ‘dabaru’ arrangement there. We scatter elections if we don’t win.” Is that not a Wadume at play?

How is Wadume any different from Kashamu Buruji, whose political and bad boyish services were once reportedly patronized by former President Olusegun Obasanjo before their relationship turned sour.. Like Wadume, Buruji became a kingmaker. Buruji also made it to the senate and even aspired to become the Governor of Ogun State, alongside Reuben Abati, his running mate. Yet Kashamu Buruji is wanted in the US for a massive drug peddling crime. No one really questioned how Kashumu made his money.

A questioning mind also wants to know how does the culture of reciprocity that led to how Wadume was rescued from his “assailants” any different from the role-play of the federal government in Kano’s rerun gubernatorial election. CP Mohammad Wakili had during the initial governorship election in Kano allowed his men to arrest some APC stalwarts, including Dr. Nasiru Yusuf Gawuna, the Deputy Governor of Kano State, for allegedly committing some electoral crimes during the collation of local government results for the governorship and state assembly elections.

The response from Abuja, which seems to enjoy the backing of PMB was to protect the interest of one of their own, Governor Ganduje, by taming CP Wakili during the rerun election. A DIG of Police, in person of Mr Anthony Agbizili was drafted to Kano to oversee the rerun election, which was overshadowed by bad boys, similar to those that worked with Wadume to tame politician perceived opponents and enemies. Bad Boys from APC had the upper hand during Kano’s rerun gubernatorial election. Armed with knives, broken bottles and cutlasses, they unleashed terror and took over the rerun election. The police too were not left out of the shenanigan, neither was PDP without their Wadume-types boys wrecking havocs on their perceived enemies, too.

How are Wadume and his bad boys any different from the cult boys who have made their ways from campus politics to offering various forms of bad boyish services to our politicians? Kunle Poly whose bad boyish services were once courted by Senator Obanikoro is one such illustration. Wadume is your governor, my governor, our governor. Wadume is a reflection of most of our politicians and political leadership.

We have always welcomed the Wadumes in our communities, enjoying their money without questioning what they are doing. Many Wadumes occupy the front seats in our religious houses, spending heavily to the praise of all. The Wadumes have been decorated with revered titles, as a way of honoring their fame, status, money, and philanthropism. Yet, little to no question gets asked about how the Wadumes made their money as the Wadumes fit well with our evolving culture of money is everything!

The problem appears not really the Wadumes, but in my view, our evolving culture of silence and acquiescence, the culture of watching evil grow amidst us without stopping it. The evils we have all nursed consciously, subconsciously and unconsciously have matured and now consuming all of us. Yes, Wadume must be condemned, just the same way we all must take the blame for embracing the culture that birthed the Wadumes in our political and community leadership.

It is not too late to start having conversations on how to tame the evolving cultures that are breeding and sustaining the Wadumes in our society and in us. We must ethically be rebirthed, go back to the basis/ fundamentals of what we inherited from our forefathers and religions as values of dignity, honesty, and stewardship. That journey commences now with me, you and everyone, otherwise, we all may be consumed.

President sacks aide over church testimony

Julius Maada Bio, president of Sierra Leone, has sacked Fatmata Kargbo, one of his senior aides, over her testimony at Synagogue Church of All Nations (SCOAN).

SCOAN is owned by TB Joshua, Nigerian pastor.

A few weeks ago, Kargbo featured on Emmanuel TV, where she spoke about her recent appointment as an aide to the president and how she was able to complete her building project which has been on ground for years.

Kargbo, while giving her testimony, also showed off photos of the luxurious house and claimed God has been so good to her since her appointment.

“I want to thank God for blessing me with this job as SCOP to the president of Sierra Leone, ambassador at large and the blessings that come with it. If you look closely at this picture you will see the luxurious house God has blessed me with. I was living in a single room apartment. But my story is now different,” she had said.

Although Kargbo had intended the testimony as a way of demonstrating she has found God’s favour, a letter subsequently came from the office of the president announcing that the senior aide has been relieved of her duties.

According to Anadolu Agency, an international news agency, the country’s Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) also said it has opened investigations into Kargbo’s finances to ascertain the source of the wealth with which she managed to put up the building within such a short time.

Sierra Leone president sacks aide over testimony in TB Joshua’s church


Musa is not only honest but also honourable, more honourable than most of those who answer “honourable” in Nigeria’s polity today.

The idea of a borehole was Musa’s, an idea that set aside his own problem, his own comfort, and went for solving the problem and providing comfort for his community. Such a sense of altruism is rare especially among the deprived, lowly educated and poorly paid. These make Musa, a true philanthropist, an exponent of altruism and a merchant of selflessness. These are the true community leaders, nation builders because communities and nations are built block by block. Musa is laying the blocks by one single act of altruism.

In terms of project prioritization Musa is ahead of most of our leaders. If our Governors knew the benefit of clean water no Governor would occupy office for eight years without giving water to every village in his State. Poor access to improved water is said to be a major contributor to high morbidity and mortality rates among children under five years, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

About 67% of the people are said to lack access to clean drinking water in Nigeria. In Northern Nigeria only 30% are said to have access to pure drinking water. Musa’s village falls within the unfortunate 70% of the people without good drinking water. Now Musa is set to bring the agony of his people to an end by his humanitarian gesture. That means that only 33% of Nigerians have access to clean water.

If all the State Governments in Nigeria provided clean water for all their citizens they would reduce their primary health bill by at least 50% because many diseases that their citizens suffer from are water-borne. Such diseases include diarrhoea, cholera, guinea worm, typhoid fever, dysentery, hepatitis, gastroenteritis. It is estimated that water-related diseases claim at least 3.4 million lives yearly.

Water is man’s most vital resource because everybody needs and uses it.

Why does it not receive the unstinted attention of our lawmakers in the States and the Centre? When the legislators talk of constituency projects it is obvious that their attention does not go to such “minor matters” as water because water is not a mega project for which they can spend billions. Projects that are calculated in billions also yield rewards in many millions to those involved in it. Sinking a borehole may take less than one million naira and there will be nothing in it for anyone to chop. Musa, a poorly educated man, is showing our educated and political elite that he has superior knowledge of what should constitute societal priority. This is a quality that most of our leaders lack. They start gigantic, white elephant projects that they will not be able to complete. They leave them uncompleted. Their successors come, look at those projects scornfully and move on. They think the predecessor had made money on the project so there is nothing in it for them. That is why they move on and our landscape is littered with the corpses of abandoned projects, projects that were started and not completed, or completed but not utilized.

Musa is clearheaded about what is important for his people. Many of our leaders are not because they are chasing shadows, chasing projects with marginal utility to their people but which have in-built chopping items for them. That is why water is not a priority in many states. That is why our primary health will continue to grow. The other quality that Musa has exhibited is the ability to resist temptations, big and small. He must have been tempted to do certain things that would have compromised him. He could have arranged with armed robbers to burgle his boss’ house or for kidnappers to kidnap him, his wife or his children. These are scenarios that we witness everyday in Nigeria but Musa stayed away from it. I’m confident that Mr. Verghese, his Indian boss who had the good heart to do Musa a favour will still build the house for him in addition to the borehole for his community.


Amosun’s deceits, lies & half truths that killed Ogun west 2019 agenda

The quest for who governs Ogun state for another four years was put to rest on Monday, 11th of March when INEC’s Returning Officer for Ogun state governorship election and Vice Chancellor, University of Ibadan, Professor Idowu Olayinka declared Prince Dapo Abiodun, MFR of the All Progressive Congress, APC the governor-elect in Ogun state.

It is no news that for 43 years that Ogun state has been created, only a senatorial district has been serially denied the privileged opportunity of governing the state, and that district is Ogun west; comprising of the Yewas and Aworis. Beams of light were seen at the tail of the tunnel, not until the selfish acts, lies, deceits and half truths of an emperor deemed it all.

Image launderers, PR personnel and paid journalists have all been deployed by the emperor who wants to suddenly shift blame of costing us the coveted seat. For those unaware, the emperor is outgoing Ogun state governor, Sen. Ibikunle Amosun.

I have at my exclusive disposal 5 lies, call it half truths and deceitful steps Amosun took that killed Ogun west agenda in 2019.

One, Mr. Amosun instead of allowing our people via our leaders & elders choose through a credible, transparent and fair process, Mr. Ibikunle Amosun assumed the status of a supreme political warlord railroaded our leaders, he even treated them like his errand boys all to achieve his stage managed ploy of foisting on Ogun state, a man who has questionable identity claims, a man who is not loved in Ogun west and a man who has credibility issues – as there are questions out there that why was Triple A, as Akinlade is widely called fired as Amosun’s SSA(Taxation & IGR)? At the end, after Ogun west elders had reduced about 11 governorship aspirants to just 3(excluding Triple A), Mr. Emperor as Amosun was widely called instructed in strong terms, that his interest is with the London returnee Triple A, and he ordered the Chief M. A Olagbaye led Ogun West Elders’ Council to go to late Deacon Adeyemi’s house to announce the name of the Ipokia born member of the House of Representatives, Triple A.

Secondly, this is egoistic and sheer self-deceit, as one marvels how Gov. Amosun boasts about since 2017/2018, how he has the governorship ticket of the party, APC in his pocket and how his then unnamed anointed candidate, who was popularly dubbed Whizkid(apologies to Amosun himself). It was gathered that Amosun even gloats about saying his anointed candidate, Hon. Adekunle Abdulkabir Akinlade has even won the election that the second term will be the issue. God can’t be mocked, at least He remains the omnipotent being, and this Almighty has proved to Amosun.

Thirdly, the people of Ogun west and close allies of Gov. Amosun should ask the Governor, what suddenly changed the choice of Amosun from Chief Tolu Odebiyi(now Senator-elect) to Triple A. Those in the know say at a meeting in 2016, Amosun had presented Chief Tolu Odebiyi, who was then his Chief of Staff as his preferred successor. Rumour even had it that Odebiyi was brought onboard as CoS so he can understand running of the government. Amosun swiftly changed from Odebiyi to Akinlade just because he knew Odebiyi belongs to the political elite family, he is a son of 2nd Republic Senator, Late Jonathan Odebiyi who was a close ally of Obafemi Awolowo.

On number 4, when the Ijebu Reno agenda in connivance with Vice President, Prof. Yemi Osinbajo and National Leader of the APC, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu successfully defeated Amosun and his anointed candidate, Akinlade at the October APC gubernatorial primaries, with Prince Gboyega Nasir Isiaka, GNI already a candidate of the African Democratic Congress, ADC, no sane Ogun west son or daughter ever imagined Triple A would be allowed to join another party. Despite pleas from traditional rulers, top community elders, political leaders and pressure groups all enjoined, implored and begged Gov. Amosun not to push Triple A to join another party. This is because not a few institutions already pledged loyalty and allegiance to GNI and his party, ADC from Ogun west, even the Paramount ruler of Yewaland, Oba Kehinde Olugbenle already endorsed and pronounced Isiaka as the senatorial district’s consensus candidate. In all these, Gov. Amosun turned deaf ears and instructed Triple A and his supporters to join the Allied Peoples Movement, APM, at this point the Triple A project became obvious to all and sundry that it seems to be a third term agenda of Gov. Amosun in disguise.

Lastly and very significant in Amosun’s lies is that immediately after the first election, with the abysmal performances of the APM and ADC in the National Assembly polls that left the APC winning the senatorial seat of the district, It became evident that the APM and ADC need to work together for the sake of bloc votes if truly an Ogun west man wants to be Governor. To show his theatrics of deceits, Amosun about 5 days to the gubernatorial elections put a call across to GNI, to have him in talks. But, before the talks would materialise, the social media was already agog that billions of Naira had exchanged hands between GNI and Amosun. Expectedly, Isiaka was angrily dazed, hence he communicated his displeasure to Amosun, and reminded the governor of how he has sort means of working together with him, more than a year ago. At this juncture, GNI had at his disposal information that Gov. Amosun had told a PDP House of Representatives member who lost out at the PDP primaries that “GNI had agreed to step down for Triple A”. Like you and I, GNI was livid, hence he shut further communication with Amosun & his APM and he went to the polls.

Good people of Ogun west, our acussing fingers should be towards the right direction, so that we are not eternally jinxed.

I’m Omooba ‘Damilare Oloyede writes from Ado-odo, Ogun state.

How Niger Delta Ministry BLEW N800 Billion In Just Six Years From 2009 To 2015

The enormous sums of money spent on the oil-producing Niger Delta region by the Federal Government between 2009 and 2015 delivered very meagre impact on the lives of the people of the area. According to the report of the Ministerial Technical Audit Committee on Contracts Awarded by the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs, exclusively obtained by SaharaReporters, the Federal Government spent over N700billion on 427 contracts and achieved a measly 8 percent impact, indicating that it was money not well spent.

Eighteen percent of the contracts were stalled, with only 12 percent completed. A hefty 70 percent remains under construction.

“The technical auditing exercise of the projects revealed that the intervention expected in the Niger Delta only commenced at the level of contract awards and practically did not address the yearnings and needs of the region, as clearly captured in the mandate of the Niger Delta Affairs Ministry,” the report said.

The beneficiary states are Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross River, Delta, Ondo, Edo, Imo, Rivers.

The distribution of capital projects shows that contracts were awarded for canalization, electricity, food and cassava processing plants, housing schemes, land reclamation/shoreline protection, rehabilitation/remediation of oil-impacted sites, roads, skills acquisition centres and water schemes.

The objectives of the audit, stated the report, included establishing the value for money and determining how impactful the contracts awarded have been in the communities where they were awarded. The audit also sought to ascertain the level of contract completion to date, determine the value of work done and level of payment, assess uncompleted projects and prioritize for execution as well as develop a performance evaluation and sustainable fund deployment.

To execute its assignment, the committee drew up a checklist of projects in all the states, using available documents in the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs, conducted field tours of all contract sites, interviewed contractors, and engineers representing them, as well as residents of benefiting communities and traditional rulers.

The committee also assessed the commitment/capacity of contractors, wrote detailed reports and ascertained the rationale for as well as the immediate functionality of projects, documented lessons on project implementation in the Ministry and recommended ways on how existing projects can improve the lives of the people of in the region.

During the course of its work, the committee studied a list of all the contracts, technical specifications and Bills of Quantity, projects/technical drawings, financial/bank guarantees, approved contract agreements, project performance monitoring reports, interim and final job completion certificates and approval letters as well as correspondence with important project stakeholders.

On training, the sum of N6, 091, 647, 748.28 was budgeted. For training, N14, 909,329,548.00, while N1,270,868, 251.8 was budgeted for food and cassava processing plants. Canalisation drew a budget of N6, 051, 864, 657; electrification, N2,404, 325, 571. 19; road construction, N631, 762, 221,046.61 and land reclamation/shoreline protection, N14, 367, 443, 759.00. Figures also show that housing schemes attracted a budget of N7.3billion, conservation and development of coastal eco-system, N217,366,668.75; skill acquisition centres N30.7billion; water schemes, N2.24billion and rehabilitation and remediation of oil-impacted sites, N1.31billion.

The failure of the projects to deliver the envisaged impact, noted the committee in its report, was a product of many factors. These include project cost vis-à-vis performance. In general, the committee observed that the costs of projects awarded by the Niger Delta Ministry were higher than those awarded by other establishments such as the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC), which also operates in the same area.

“One which calls for serious scrutiny is the cost of roads. For instance, there was no standard to determine the cost of a kilometer on two-lane, three-lane or four-lane roads,” the committee observed.

It also observed that the aggregate of value of contracts awarded during the period audited was N700,538,741, 691.30. This figure was exclusive of services such as security, rent, and facility management. Of the ascertained sum, a cumulative of N423,172,256,347.84 was paid, leaving a balance of N32,111,887,779.32. What this implied was that between 2009 and 2015, about 60 percent of contracts awarded were paid for, while approximately 40 percent of work was done.

Also observed was the trend of violating the contract award process. Right from procurement planning, observed the committee, there was indifference to the provisions of vital aspects of the Procurement Act.

Notably, said the report, there was indiscriminate award of contracts by initiating and benefiting departments of the ministry without the guidance of the procurement department.

“Awards never took cognizance of availability of funds and annual appropriation provisions. The structure and content of some contract agreements were loose for checks and balances, indeed hardly protected the interest of the ministry in case of disputes,” wrote the committee.

Similarly, the ministry’s management mechanism was dire. The committee found numerous abandoned/uncompleted projects, which it blamed on the inconsistency in government’s annual budgetary provisions and lack of capacity to deliver, especially in situations where funds released did not correspond with performance.

“Most contracts,” it said “were awarded with specific dates of completion, but were not captured in subsequent appropriations. This further exacerbated contractors’ poor performance and inability to achieve to achieve project objectives within the stipulated time frame. Consequently, no capital project was completed within the stipulated time frame,” the report revealed.

Another hindrance to the Federal Government intervention in the Niger Delta, noted the committee, was a duplication of functions, which manifested in the repetition of programs and conflict of projects in the region by the Niger Delta Affairs Ministry, NDDC, the Presidential Amnesty Programme (PAP) as well as state and local governments.

For instance, the committee pointed out that the construction and supervision of Omelema Agada Road in Rivers State led to a conflict between the Rivers State government and the Niger Delta Affairs Ministry. A similar occurrence was noticed in the 15kva sub-station electrification project in Khana local government, which was replicated by the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs, Rivers State government and the National Independent Power Project (NIPP). Also in Eleme, there was a replication of an electricity transformer contract by the Niger Delta Ministry and the NDDC.

The committee’s assessment of the impact of the projects on the regions was undisguisedly unflattering. “All projects were to achieve the omnibus objective of enhancing socio-economic activities, human capital development, and environmental protection. Sadly, very insignificant numbers of projects have reached practical completion to provide a sense of belonging to Niger Deltans across board. About 80 percent of the projects are either ongoing, abandoned after payments, total abdication or refusal to deliver as in the case of Youth Capacity Building Programmes,” the committee added.

It bemoaned that fact that the government’s well-intentioned intervention in theThe Federal Government’s well-intentioned intervention programme was shabbily implemented and has left serious consequences.

As a remedy, the Committee recommended that the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs must begin to comply with the Procurement Act, show strict budgetary discipline and ensure that track record and experience must be considered when seeking contractors.

It also recommended that the ministry should arrest the rot and unethical conduct in its construction unit, clean it up and ensure that only professionals of proven integrity and competence are engaged in the future. Also, the committee counselled that the ministry should be firmer in checking and punishing infractions in the award of contracts and delivery of projects.

Foreign companies with dubious track records, it further recommended, should be expelled from the country and individuals involved in dubious deals be punished. Similarly, the committee prescribed the reduction in project costs, notably by using in-house professionals to develop costing templates, systems, and procedures.

“The way billions of naira are mentioned in construction projects value in the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs has become so banal that very soon, it is believed, they are likely to escalate to trillions of naira, even though the values do not appear realistic vis-à-vis value added to the region through such contracts,” said the committee.

Another recommendation is that the Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs should supervise and coordinate Federal Government interventions in the region. This entails making the NDDC and the Amnesty Programme parastatals of the Ministry.

On project impact, the committee prescribed that the ministry should extensively consult with the people of the region before projects are located to ensure they coincide with the needs of the people.

And given the current parlous state of government finances, the committee listed a number of projects as priorities that need to be completed. Among these, it said are all housing projects and skills acquisition centre in Akwa Ibom State, East-West Road sections 1 and 2, Imo and Cross River states water projects, rural electrification and environmental sanitation projects that have a direct impact on the community, education and youth empowerment programs.

-Sahara Reporters