HUBERT OGUNDE, Father of Nigerian Theatre by Naijarchives

Worth over $5 billion and raking in $250 million per annum, Nollywood, Nigeria’s bustling movie industry is the second largest on earth. From Johannesburg to New York, from London to Dubai, Nigerian actors and actresses grace screens at homes and theatres all across the globe. My Herero friend from Namibia was telling me a couple of weeks ago of how much she enjoyed Nigerian movies. I was flattered, and I blushed. But there was one man who is widely considered as the father and pioneer of the Nigerian entertainment industry and today, we will take a very good look at his life and times. Wole Soyinka called him ‘grand old man of Nigerian theatre’. His works cut across various niches of the Nigerian landscape, from fiery political dramas that got him jailed to delicious social satires to biting morality-based plays. Ladies and gentlemen, this is the story of Hubert Ogunde.

HUBERT-OGUNDE-WITH-EIGHT-WIVES-1969_Naijarchives

BIRTH AND EARLY DAYS

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Born on the 31st of May, 1916 at a town named Ososa, close to Ijebu-Ode, in Ogun State in southwestern Nigeria, he was named Hubert Adedeji Ogunde and belonged to the Yoruba ethnic group.

LOVE, ROMANCE, FAMILY AND MARRIAGE

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Hubert Ogunde was married to 12 wives, eight of whom were part of his theatrical productions. His first wife was Mrs. Adesewa Ogunde and they got married in 1942. As the most senior wife, she was in charge of many of the domestic affairs. On how the home was run, Ogunde said:

‘You must understand one thing. This business of everyone doing just as he likes is not the way with us. We are rooted in a tradition that teaches us to respect our seniors. It’s not a sheepish tradition, but to say ‘No’, to one’s elders is quite an insult. So you see, we eliminate all the problems by giving the orders and seeing that the wives simply follow through.’

CAREER

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  Initially a teacher, Ogunde was for some time in the Nigerian Police Force. Ogunde’s foray into the entertainment industry without any formal training had the clear imprint of the Nigerian church which patronized him. This same trend was noticed in the careers of his contemporaries like P.A. Dawodu, Layeni, G.T. Onimole and A.B. David. In the early 1940s, Ogunde’s African Music Research Party was hired as an organist and composer for the Aladura Church of the Lord at Ebute Metta in Lagos.  On the 12th of June, 1944, Ogunde produced his first performance titled The Garden of Eden and the Throne of God. Ogunde himself acted the serpent. This was commissioned by the Church of the Lord (also known as the Cherubim and Seraphim Movement), founded in Lagos by Josiah Ositelu and the performance was to assist in raising funds for the construction of the church building. The play was premiered at the Glover Memorial Hall and the chairman of the day was a distinguished man named Nnamdi Azikiwe who would later become Nigeria’s first president. It was a huge success. His first performance was a tremendous boost and it gave him an extra dose of encouragement to forge ahead with his career and he continued to write even more folk opera performances as an amateur until 1945 when he decided to go professional. Music and dancing were prominent features of Ogunde’s performances.

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An outstanding actor, playwright, businessman, musician and theatre manager/director, he established the Ogunde Concert Party in 1945, that was the first professional theatrical company in the country. This earned him the recognition as the ‘father of Nigerian theatre’,  ‘father of traditional Nigerian drama’ or in some other quarters, ‘father of contemporary Yoruba theatre.

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Ogunde did not just set up a theatre group, he was also a pioneer in various ways. On the 4th of March 1946, he premiered his first play under his new group, it was called Tiger’s Empire produced by the African Music Research Party. It featured Ogunde himself, Abike Taiwo and Beatrice Oyede. That was the very first time in Yoruba theatre that women appeared in a play as professional artists on their own terms and were duly paid. Tiger’s Empire was a scathing criticism of the British colonial masters.

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The next play was Darkness and Light but it remains unclear whether Ogunde was the author of this particular performance and this is said to be the only performance that he could not recollect whether he wrote it or not.

  In 1946, he wrote a play about Herbert Macaulay. He would later write a satirical play, Human Parasites, to address the newest form of craze in Lagos State that time: the aso ebi phenomenon. The aso ebi fad meant that guests at parties and events were to show up with the most expensive fabrics and apparel which was selected by the celebrant. All guests appearing at the event were expected to wear the same as a kind of uniform. The craze spread fast and it was so bad that some had to use a dozen different aso ebis  in one year leading to undue competition, petty rivalry and a fatal tension on various marital fronts as wives left their husbands for those who could afford to get them the new fabrics. This was the focus of Ogunde’s satire of tragedy, Human Parasites. Denouncing the practice, he wrote:

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Aduke who kissed and keyed a thousand lovers for the sake of Aso Ebi…

…what happened when boys refused to be keyed is better seen than described.

His other works include the following plays:

Yoruba Ronu (Yorubas Think!), 1964: It was about the challenges facing the Yorubas in the 1960s and Nigeria’s slide towards a civil war. It also blasted the regional government for their corruption and repression. This play proved to be so revolutionary that its production in Western Nigeria was prohibited but it was very successful in other regions of the country. The play viciously attacked the disunity, rigging of elections, allegations/counterallegations of tribalism and bickering among the Yoruba political leaders, and it mirrored the intrigues within Obafemi Awolowo’s Action Group and his conflict with Samuel Akintola.

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  Ogunde fully supported the progressive ideas of Awolowo but the current Akintola government was very unpopular in the region. They banned the play and proscribed Ogunde’s theater company in April 1964 which almost drove him to bankruptcy.  The banning, which shocked the Nigerian press, was recorded as the first case in post-independence Nigeria of literary censorship, it was not lifted until 1966 by the new military government and that was the same year he formed the Ogunde Dance Company.

But Ogunde remained defiant, his response to the ban was his release of an equally acidic play, Otito Koro (Truth Is Bitter). In 1976, when the Nigerian military head of state was assassinated, he released Muritala Mohammed which he composed and produced himself. Ogunde was a man of the people and he was populist in his views, always in tune with current affairs and always echoed the sentiments of the Nigerian masses.

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-Otitokoro (The Truth is Bitter), 1965: This was based on the politics of Western Nigeria and the declaration of a state of emergency in 1963.

Mr. Devil’s Money: It reflected a blend of Christian moral values and traditional values and indigenous culture.

God and Africa (1944)

Israel in Egypt (1945), The Reign of Nebuchadnezzar and Balthazar’s Feast (1945). Others include Africa and God (1944) it was about how Yorubas lived before the arrival of Christianity, Journey to Heaven (1947), Two Impious Reigns and King Solomon (1945). His plays were very popular and people enjoyed them. It was said of Ogunde:

He always played to a full house and the audience was always reluctant to leave at the end of the play.

-Two of his first plays, The Garden of Eden and Throne of God were folk operas without any political overtones, and he did these two performances while he was still in the Nigerian Police Force. In 1946, he produced Worse Than Crime, which discuss the rebellion of Adam and Eve against God and the many evils of the Slave Trade. He was successful with these two plays that he resigned from the police force where he worked from 1941 to 1945 to become a professional theater artiste, and with a total savings of just nine pounds, he founded the African Music Research Party, his first theatre company.

A prolific director, he composed more than 40 operas in his native Yoruba and usually blended the use of European instruments and drums in his performances.

He set up the Ogunde Dancers, a troupe that was on a 36-week tour of Britain and it was during that period that Ebony ran a special on him. While in the United Kingdom, he stayed in a large London house with his battalion of wives. Eight of his 12 wives escorted him to London while the remaining four stayed in Nigeria with his 15 children.

Ogunde was a great influence and role model to other artists who would later set up their own groups. These included Kola Ogunmola (1925-1973), Duro Ladipo (1931-1978) and Moses Olaiya (b.1946), AB Layeni and Adunni Oluwole (many of whom were formerly dramatists in the church, they trooped out and followed Ogunde’s footsteps, a few others like AB David, PA Dawodu and GT Onimole remained masters of Christian drama)all of whom formed the over 100 Travelling Yoruba Opera Troupes, better known as the Alarinjos. Ogunde’s works had a really lasting impact on the psyche of the people and his works have been described as ‘essentially consciousness-raising’ in which he attempted to draw the attention of the populace to social ills, expose the inherent evils of the British colonial system, all of which reflected in his works. Some of the most scathing criticisms he launched against the imperialists were Strike and Hunger (1945), The Tiger’s Empire (1946) and Bread and Bullets  (1950) which focused on the famous Iva Valley strike by miners in Enugu, Eastern Nigeria, the killing of 18 miners by the colonial police and the issue of exploitation of labourers all over the nation.

Strike and Hunger solidified his reputation as an anticolonial dramatist. In 1940s Nigeria, there were widespread waves of trade unionism and middle-class political activism particularly the General Strike of 1945. While he was on tour in Jos in 1947, the British colonial government interrupted the performance and banned it in the northern province, he was arrested and fined on the charge of inciting workers to rebel against the government. This launched Ogunde into the limelight and transformed him from a Yoruba hero into a national legend. The members of the Yoruba community in Jos who had watched the play mobilized themselves and raised the sum of one hundred pounds to pay the legal fees for Ogunde. When Ogunde was eventually convicted, the same Yoruba community raised the sum of 125 pounds to pay for his fine. The colonial masters did not only ban him, they also denied him a passport to travel to Enland. In Strike and Hunger, there is a fictional setting of feudalism where a foreign king (King Yejide) usurps the throne and suppresses the rights of the citizens and drives them into working for very miserable pay. In the pay, the workers finally revolt and the play was seen as an indictment of the British colonial rule and was hoped that the play would spur a similar revolt against Britain.

Ogunde’s works were considered a serious threat and were banned in many parts of the country. It was so serious that Ogunde himself was flung into jail. The British colonial government feared Ogunde’s plays would arouse popular anti-colonial sentiments among the people. But what was Ogunde’s style? This was described thus in the Contemporary Authors: 1945 to the Present:

‘Ogunde’s technique was to sketch out the basic situation and plot, and then write down and rehearse only the songs of his plays. The dialogue was improvised, thus allowing the actors to adjust to their audience. The plays produced by his company usually reflected the prevailing political climate and interpreted for audiences the major issues and the aspirations of those in power. His company performed with equal ease in remote villages and in metropolitan centres of Nigeria (as well as throughout West Africa). Many of Ogunde’s later folk operas were basically popular musicals featuring jazzy rhythms, fashionable dance routines, and contemporary satire. Through this format, he set an example for a successful commercial theatre and prepared audiences all over Nigeria for his followers. During the 1960s and ‘70s, his plays became an important part of the urban pop culture of West Africa.’

Ogunde was the director/actor in Jaiyesinmi (1981), Aropin N’Tenia (1982 with Freddie Goode) and Ayanmo (1986) which was his last film. It opened with a scene in witches’ hell and a celestial realm of the supernatural. The film depicts witches as destroying all that is good, bringing confusion and disaster until Osetura defeated them.

In 1990, he starred as Brimah (as Chief Hubert Ogunde) in a motion picture titled Mister Johnson and it was shot on location in Toro, Bauchi State. The famed Irish-American actor, Pierce Brosnan was also featured in that same flick. As at the 1990s, there were three prominent types of theatres in Nigeria and these were the traditional theatres clustered and based around communities, private organizations and those supported by companies to produce both traditional and modern plays.

One of those supported by the companies was the National Troupe and it was founded by Hubert Ogunde in 1986 when he was selected by the Federal Government and given the task of assembling the finest artists from the various State Arts Councils to establish a national troupe. He did this meticulously and it kicked off at the National Theatre, Iganmu, Lagos where he launched it with a drama titled Destiny. This play executed by the first ‘national crew’ was so successful that in 1989, it led to the formal establishment of the National Troupe in 1989. Ogunde was made the very first artistic director. When he died the following year, Bayo Oduneye took over. The National Troupe had its focus on Nigerian plays, dances and other performances and they appeared at various international events and festivals across the globe.

However, it was not always rosy for Ogunde. There was a time, he decided to borrow the idea of Ghanaian theatre groups who had been coming to Nigeria. So Ogunde took his play, King Solomon and his newly-formed group on a tour of Ghana and he stayed there for three months. But it was a disaster, by the time he returned to Nigeria, all he had in his pockets was just five pounds. Ogunde narrated:

‘I had to pay my boys. My rent? No money to pay my rent! I managed to pay for the transport – I had no lorry then, no transport – but I managed to pay. But when I was entering my house after three months, I had five pounds in my pocket. After coming back, I realized my mistake.’

As a result of this mistake, he lost over 1,000 pounds but he learnt very good lessons. He observed that his failure was the inability to actually provide what the audience needed. He had not studied his audience well. Therefore, he took some time and did a proper research before returning to Ghana. He said:

…one of the boys advised me that next tour, I should come with some trumpets, saxophones, play highlife, jazz, and so on…Then I went back about nine months later and after twenty four days’ tour I came back with a thousand and eight hundred pounds. So to me it appears the audience or rather the society dictates what they like to see. It appears they direct us, not we directing the society.

But Ogunde did not keep this money-making secret to himself, He shared with another colleague, the well-respected Duro Ladipo whom he told:

‘This line you are taking is very interesting, but I doubt very much how you can live comfortably because these plays may not fetch money; but I advise you that at any time you are putting on some plays, try as much as possible to introduce some social satire to bring in money.’

Ladipo said he made use of this advice and he made more financial gains. Soon, others like Kola Ogunmola, Oyin Adejobi and Moses Olaiya (with his apprentice, King Sunny Ade)  all added other performances like acrobatics and even magic to their shows to rake  in more cash. They all worked hard.

Ogunde was quite confrontational in his approach to the establishment on some occasions. For instance, in 1965, he tackled the television establishment when halfway through rehearsals, he approached the Director of Programmes and demanded for a raise in the fees for the artistes. When his request was turned down, he calls all his troupe members, ordered them into a waiting lorry and left. He had requested for the sum of 50 naira for a 30-minutes play. He would not record his regular series again and he never returned to Nigerian television until 1975 when things had changed for the better.

Also, I must chip in at this point that during Ogunde’s times, transport was a major logistical challenge for the travelling troupes. Some had to hire wagons while some others would tour villages and other rural areas on foot and many had to carry their props, costumes and other items on their heads or hire porters. It was hectic, especially as they had to rely on mammy wagons plying bad roads. The mammy wagons broke down regularly and were often involved in numerous accidents. In 1970, Adesewa, Ogunde’s first wife and one of his actresses lost her life in one of such accidents. It was a major blow to the father of Nigeria’s modern theater. One of the things that made life really difficult for many of the performers of those days was that the government did not pay enough attention to them or even patronize them. In 1970, a frustrated Duro Ladipp complained bitterly that there was no well-equipped, government-built theater house and that they had to pay through their noses to rent places like the Glover Memorial and Obisesan Halls. The government also slammed hefty taxes on the theatre practitioners instead of giving them subventions and adequate funding.

HIS WORDS AND OPINIONS

Foreigners depict Africans as buffoons and social degenerates who have no culture, music, dance and way of life, but are mere loyal imitators of their masters. Africans shall be mostly guilty if they fail to prove to the world by practical demonstrations, that their detractors have been guilty of gross misinterpretations by presenting on our own stage and if possible on theirs too, African culture and way of life and those melodies and graceful dances that are purely of African origin.

–Hubert Ogunde, 1947.

I understood some time later (after 1945) that success depended on the use of the term ‘concert’: the plays were in Yoruba, but to please the audience, titles had to be given in English. Today we mostly give Yoruba titles. Anyway, what we are doing is not a concert, but theatre: we are now the Ogunde Theatre Party. Here we perform in Yoruba, with some parts in Pidgin.

  • Hubert Ogunde, 1975.

ON HIRING ACTORS, POLYGAMY & HIS FEMALE ACTRESSES BEING HIS WIVES:

Now I was able to get some boys, but I was unlucky with the girls. And so…I remembered the tradition back home – polygamy is the answer! So I had to keep the girls as wives in order to keep going on. This move by Ogunde was imitated by other troupe founders and he would become famous for his broad-based family structure.

ON HIS MOST SENIOR WIFE AND HER JUNIOR WIVES:

‘You must understand one thing. This business of everyone doing just as he likes is not the way with us. We are rooted in a tradition that teaches us to respect our seniors. It’s not a sheepish tradition, but to say ‘No’ to one’s elders is quite an insult. So you see, we eliminate all the problems by giving the orders and seeing that the wives simply follow through.’

ON HOW WOMEN JOINED HIS COMPANY IN 1945:

My first advert I advertised: Actors and Actresses Wanted, Apply in Person to Hubert Ogunde so, so and so… (Laughter, clapping). Nobody answered my advert. (Prolonged laughter). No one, not even one. Then I decided to do something else, I decided on another trick…I put out another advert: Lady Clerks Wanted, Apply in Person to Hubert Ogunde, and so on…. (Laughter). The next day, my house was full. Then my problem was how to tell them that they would not be ‘lady clerks’ or clerks, but actresses and actors. But I said this and some went away and some stayed behind. But my problem was still money. After the first and second shows, all of them went away. Now I was able to get some boys, but I was unlucky with the girls. And so, as the chairman (of the lecture) mentioned, I decided….I remembered the tradition back home: polygamy is the answer! So I had to keep on the girls as wives in order to keep the group on the stage.’ – Hubert Ogunde, 1981. He was the first person to have managed a mixed company (men and women on stage) in West Africa.

ON POLYGAMY:

Take England for example. Here a man may be married, but he will still go out with his girlfriend and cheat on his wife. Well, the problem is they have one wife officially and many other wives unofficially. We Africans don’t believe in such pretense. We marry enough women so that there’s no need to cheat on one. Other women? Where would I get the desire? When would I find the time? There will be problems only if I played favourites, then there would be jealousy. I make sure that I favour none of the ladies, so we have harmony and discipline. They all know that Adesewa is the ‘senior,’ but they know that I’m devoted to them all. I give each the same amount of attention. I even like all my mothers-in-law. I hear that my American brothers are coming back to Africa in nearly everything. Perhaps they will have more than one wife. But of course, there are those American laws, aren’t there? As long as there are such laws, well…but who knows! ’ But no matter, we’re all settled and very happy and that’s the way life ought to be. –Hubert Ogunde, London, 1969. Ogunde was so satisfied with his polygamous setting that he said he hoped a day would come when all men across the globe would marry more than one wife. What do you think?

WHAT OTHERS SAY ABOUT HIM, CRITICISM AND CONTROVERSIES

Ogunde freed himself from this tradition in order to create Nigerian theatre. The implications of what he achieved what probably not been realized. The depth of his originality should not be measured simply by his use of the Yoruba language in his productions, but also by his creation of a form capable of providing an account of the social and political situation in his country. He managed to insert himself in the anti-colonialist struggle without cutting ties with older forms of expression. As early as 1945, he saw one of his plays suppressed by the colonial regime: it was produced in support of a miner’s strike. He had reacted by composing new narratives based on the miners’ situation, demonstrating his freedom from the framework of traditional narrativity, condemned to repeat tired schematic, over-familiar concert shows or Apidan theatre. ’- Alain Ricard, The Languages & Literatures of Africa: The Sands of Babel.

  • Ogunde has been accused of debasing womanhood through his performances. He is said to have used ‘lightly clad girls who go wild on saxophones’ or for singing about how women reduce the powers of men by staying out all night, getting drunk, refusing to fetch bathing water, cook or even allow a second wife.
  • The coming of videography alarmed Ogunde, who was making his own films on celluloid. Nigeria was changing and because of increasing crime rates, Nigerians preferred to watch video cassettes at home at night rather than go out to cinemas and theatres and be attacked. Ogunde was so frustrated that he threatened to place a curse on Alade Aromire and Adeyemi Afolayan who were at the forefront of the videography revolution. An embittered Ogunde labeled them ‘enemies of progress’. But Ogunde could not stop the tide of change, he regretted towards his last days that he had not tapped into the video revolution. Before Adeyemi Afolayan died in December 1996, he released three of his celluloid films on video cassettes, he was able to see into the future. As for Alade Aromire, there was no going back, he was into videos and he never stopped. Others who would follow Aromire’s path was Kenneth Nnebue who opened the market for Igbo films in 1992 when he released Living in Bondage (part 1) and in 1994, he produced one of the first English video films in Nigeria, it was titled Glamour Girls.

DEATH

On the 4th of April, 1990, Ogunde breathed his last at the Cromwell Hospital , London, England. He was aged 73.

Ogunde's resting place.

LEGACY, REMEMBRANCE AND HONOURS

  • Ogunde was a chief and was addressed by the aristocrastic Yoruba title of Oloye.
  • In 1960, when Nigeria became independent, Ogunde was commissioned to write Song of Unity, a play for the independent celebrations.
  • In 1974, in recognition of his pioneering role with the establishment of the first professional troupe in Nigeria (later called the Yoruba Folk Opera), he was made the Grand Patron of the Association of Theatre Practitioners of Nigeria (ANTP). He would host periodic meetings of the association in his house and he was said to have spent a lot of money to entertain his colleagues and make them feel at home.
  • In 1980, he was the President of Association of Professional Nigerian Drama Companies where he presided over 100 members.
  • He received an honorary doctoral degree from the University of Ife (Obafemi Awolowo University)
  • Today, his portrait graces the National Gallery of Modern Art in Lagos alongside all of Nigeria’s Heads of State and other prominent figures such as Wole Soyinka, Ben Enwonwu, Aina Onabolu and Chinua Achebe.
  • Kunle Ogunde, his son, started the first independent Christian drama group in Nigeria. He said he was inspired by his father’s early incursions into religious drama. He named his group ‘The Word Productions’ and said in 1983:

‘The aims and objectives of this Christian body is to win souls through the medium of drama with the word of God, through various means as films, video recording, photo play magazines and comic magazines.’

The Cambridge Guide to African and Carribean Theatre said of Ogunde: He always sought to increase a national awareness among his largely Yoruba audiences. He was a superb entertainer: able to catch the mood of an audience and then suddenly heighten it. He channeled his skills and talents into addressing the inherent injustice of the Nigerian society even if that meant he had to forego his personal comfort and freedom on many conditions. A nationalist, he spent almost 40 years before independence in 1960 travelling all over the country sharpening his national outlook and broadening his scope. At the end of his career which spanned about 35 years, he had composed over 50 operas, plays and melodramas.  He stood for his convictions, a passionate man of the arts, his name remains etched in gold and the stones of time. And that is Ogunde’s story, thanks a lot for your time.

ABIYAMO.

CREDITS & REFERENCES

FULL CREDITS : Naijarchives

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vols 323 to 330 +Senate ministerial screening + Biafra’s Biafraud + How the Apostles died+”Lazy senators”+Fraudulent DISCOS and GENCOS

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol 323

THINKING ALOUD: NIGERIAN SENATE: TAKING NIGERIANS FOR A RIDE!

Nigerians are a funny set of people considering the shenanigans they have allowed the Nigerian senate to put us through with her act of commission or omission without any purposeful “reaction”!

The senate only have 3 days in a week to conduct her plenary (Tuesday to Thursday) and it has been observed that meetings are conducted on a “normal” four hour duration (10 am to 2pm)! These people earn humongous salaries and allowances that has not even been “generally” made public considering the “secrecy” surrounding the “actual”!

The Nigerian worker works for 8hrs (8am to 4pm) and their salary and allowances cannot even take them home!
Yesterday (21st October 2015) , the senate president appeared before the CCT in a case of false declaration of asset and the Senate suspended sitting because of this!

Does it mean the fact that the senate president had a date with the CCT on Thursday and Friday sitting at the senate would be “adjourned” till next week? Does it mean his deputy cannot preside over plenary in the absence of the senate president?

Does it mean if the Senate president travels out on official engagements plenary has to be suspended till he returns?
Come to think of it, these legislators are not even bordered that her “several vacations” have put a dent to the perception of the citizenry of her as “serious minded” individuals.

Obviously, we seem to be allowing these individuals to make the world assess us as jokers! We seem not to know the magnitude of what we have at hand.
Just thinking aloud!

 

 

 

 

 

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol  324

 

‘CHASTITY OF TRUTH’ ON FASHOLA and AMEACHI! By Solomon Ekpo

 

What a country do we live in and a people we are!

So many things have unfolded in our political atmosphere and our social ‘blogging’ realm.

First it was the former governor of our ‘Centre of Excellence’ state, Mr. Babatunde Fashola.

Fashola got screened by the upper chamber of the National Assembly and made remarkable eye opening happenings during his stay as governor.
One major thing he said was, as a governor, he never signed cheques for the work of governance in the state, I expected to hear from quarters of haters that he lied, but no one has come out to debunk his story, yet we don’t believe him!

And we refuse to ponder how then did he structure his government, that as the Chief Executive of the state he didn’t alter cheque leaves.

I expected our good-for-nothing-journalists to interview him the more for him to deep into how he structured the finance aspect of Lagos State without coming close to money as it is seen in our political settings and other states of the federation, no journalist did; and as a people, we just dumped that there.

Rather we make fun of the impossibilities that, that can’t happen in a country where the James Iboris and Alameasighas have proven to us in times past that as governors; they walk with bags of dollars and pounds at their beck and call.

Linda Ikeji, Nigeria popular and topmost blogger over the weekend revealed she bought a mansion for half a billion naira in an Island even her father dared not go to look for his wealthy friend in high school. Yet she worked so hard to put her name on the list of mansion owners on the wealthy Island.

This she said without her sleeping with anyone for money in her 35 years on earth talkless of doing that with acquiring the said property she showcased the world.

Linda Ikeji said she hasn’t slept with a man for money before, no one has come out to label her a liar who have slept and paid her, yet we screamed how impossible that can be in this country.

Her story is suppose to be investigated by our supposed-good-for-nothing journalists and dared anyman who has slept with her to come and ridicule her boldness; yet it hasn’t been investigated and no man has come out to rubbish her claims.

And we the men who sleep with ladies and give them money need not be ashamed? And ladies who pride in sleeping around for money not hide their heads in shame, that a lady with two breasts and a single vaginal has ridiculed the art/act of promiscuity for them to learn and change ways?

They aren’t learning rather they are speaking against her wealth acquisition as too much (now they agreed it’s true) and advising her what she should have done with her money to less privilege humanity.

Another school of ‘women’ said she must have slept with some rich politicians or wealthy businessmen to achieve this feat (as if they haven’t been sleeping with these set of people for years and don’t have proves to show).

Another man is the ‘Lion of Ebima’ as he is fondly called, Rt. Hon. Rotimi Ameachi, the former governor of the oil rich Rivers state, who just got screened at the upper house few days back. There he said he hasn’t taken bribe before in his life.

Bribe taking or giving involves two people, the giver and taker. I expect to hear someone says he has given him bribe as a two term speaker and governor of Rivers State. One also expect our journalists to reseach on his claims by deep into findings for some proves to counter him. No one and nothing from even his political enemies.
He went also to say if a man sleeps with a girl he’s suppose to help or send an errand, that is corruption. Now because many of our men know we are guilty; instead we chose to castigate him rather than learn of how possible did he do it as a politician all this years.

Is it because the country is in camotose, we believe everyone must throw their dignity like it is expected?

These people mentioned here may have problems with other part of their lives but they SPEAK strongly where their strengths lie and they do this publicly – meaning, if anyone sees or hears what they say as telling a lie, they should counter them. Anyone? No one!

Someone or a people can choose and stand by their vows not to be messed up with ravaging ‘sin’ or crime seen as a possible lifestyle of the society; should such a person be crucified and hung on a public pole that, such “is not possible?”

Please and please, let’s wake up! It is not everyone that can cast his/her chastity to dogs like majority of the populace do.

And I have come to realise that when people speak in the open about a positive part of their lives; it is because they have strength there and haven’t commited blunder in such area. So I as a person believe them. Especially in a country where haters want to drag you down with everything they can lay their hands on.

We should also look out for where our strengths are and speak to encourage people and stop to damn those who are successful in their positive areas of life. Most people have chastity (of truth) and they are proud they have it and doing well with that in a particular area of their lives.

We should rather cultivate ways to learn from that aspect of their lives and be proud doing that! The bible urges us to “follow those who have good reports…” And imbibe their lifestyles.

Remember; success and prosperity do not come from being perfect in ALL things but just ONE thing; and holding your head up high having and doing that one thing just like Linda, Fashola and Ameachi have done.

#‎Take_People_For_Their_Words_Unless_You_Have_A_Prove_To_Caution_Them‬

 

 

 

 

 

 

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol  325

Enough Of This Biafra Nonsense! –  By Alabo

As a Rivers man who saw the events of 1967-1970 and who was old enough to understand them, this protest in Port Harcourt is a slap on true Rivers indigenes. and the memory of ALL the Rivers men and women who were slaughtered in the pogroms and ethnic cleansing committed during the civil war by the Biafran Army.

Let us remind ourselves of the TRUE facts and REAL reasons behind the secession and subsequent civil war. Ojukwu and his cohorts decided to secede from Nigeria because Gowon broke up the regions and created Rivers State among the 12 states he created. Remember the Aburi accord? Article 4 of that accord had to do with the breaking up of the regions.

On the 27th of May, 1967, Gowon broke up the Regions, from the then Eastern Region and carved out Rivers, South-Eastern and East-Central states. 3 days later on 30th May, 1967 Ojukwu seceded citing the Aburi accord. ON ABURI WE STAND!! The rallying war cry of the day.

How anyone who calls himself/herself a Rivers indigene support tacitly or otherwise the so-called Biafra cause when Biafra seceeded just because Rivers State was created and the Rivers people for once had a right to self rule?

In the quest for a sovereign country did the Igbo majority seek, discuss with or solicit the support of the minorities in the Oil Rivers and South-East??

Where is Biafra? How do you seek for a country which was susequently named Biafra WITHOUT involving the indigenous people of Biafra? Isn’t that supreme arrogance or maybe they were not included because they were meant to be wiped out later. Events proved the latter to be true.

Late Chief (Dr.) Nabo Graham-Douglas who was the Attorney General of the Eastern Region was sent on compulsory leave and exiled to his home town Abonnema with orders for him to be executed. Fortunately the plans leaked and he miraculously escaped. He didn’t draw the Articles of secession and only heard about Biafra from the BBC journalists who came to interview him in Abonnema.
He was one of the lucky ones.

The ethnic cleansing began in earnest. Our intelligentsia; top civil servants, technocrats and other able bodied men and women were rounded up and summarily executed in Enugu, Owerri, Aba, Umuahia, Degema, Buguma, Bakana, to mention but a few towns/cities. In Port Harcourt, Rainbow town and Igritta, became killing fields. the bones of those victims still lie there

These atrocities were committed by the Biafran Army, against people who were supposed to be fighting the same cause with them.
In a bid to wipe out the minority tribes, our towns and villages were evacuated, our men put to slave labour and later on shot (reminiscent of Nazi Germany), our women taken as sex slaves, young boys shared the same fate as the men. Bakana, Bille, Abonnema were all forcefully evacuated.

Finally, when the Nigerian Army counter attacked and liberated Port Harcourt, the retreating Biafran Army, burnt Kingsway (now Supabod building), Nabo Graham-Douglas’s law library (which was the best Law library in the whole of West Africa) and other land marks in the Garden city. Of what military significance were these acts??

I don’t blame the misguided ill-informed people for trampling on the graves of those who were murdered by the Biafran Army, by protesting in Port Harcourt. I blame Gowon for forbidding accounts of the war being published after the war, but more importantly for not trying war criminals (like Col Ojeh of Degema) within the Biafran Army and holding them accountable for their inhuman and murderous actions during the war.

70 years after World War 2, we are still reminded on a daily basis the atrocities that the Nazi’s committed. If Gowon had done what he was morally and duty bound to do, this matter of Biafra would have been put to rest once and for all.

By the way, in May 1968, my uncle (my mother’s younger brother) was shot in his Warri street residence in Port Harcourt, his corpse butchered, his flesh sold as Biafra meat in Mile 1 market. That same day the Nigerian Army opened up and started shelling Port Harcourt, which was ultimately liberated

Are those protesting and the other supporters of “Biafra” aware of these facts??

The war has been over these past 45 years, we are forging on as a country, setting aside our ethnocentric issues. That Ex-Biafrans have been assimilated into all spheres of our society (as they should), without any punishment meted out to the war criminals among them, doesn’t give anyone the right to re-write history or bring these painful memories back.

ENOUGH IS ENOUGH!!!

 

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol  326

Biafra agitation & the Niger Delta struggle

“Igbos are using the support
they gave gej in 2015 election as blackmail to convert niger delta struggle to Biafra. Niger delta struggle is 50% resource control, as you can see, is not in anyway connected to the reasons why Igbos are agitating for biafra. This deception won’t work!

They only supported GEJ (Jonathan) because they got a lot of appointments under him, which amount to nothing of-course. Or did u see any reflection of such appointments in the east?

No! why because they are selfish and greedy people. Niger delta struggle is completly different from Biafra agitation. So why drag us into it?

The igbos who agitate all in the name of equity, for the control of the govt at the centre, are the same ones who supported Obasanjo against their own brother, son and hero Ojukwu in 2003. So, they should go and claim Yoruba instead.

As far as am concerned, Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa are all benefitting from the current system. After all, an Igbo man Gen Aguyi Ironsi created this same Unitary system they are complaining about today for Nigeria in 1966.

When Isacc Adaka Boro wanted to form Ijaw nation republic in 1966, it was Igbo head of state, Gen, Aguyi Ironsi dat fought him with a 12day war. The Igbo claim to be one of us because some SS states were part of the old eastern region.

Lets clear some misconception here. Firstly, Eastern Region was created by Nigeria for Nigeria’s convenience. It was not a decision of the nationalities that made it so.

Secondly, before most people forget, Edo and Delta state were never at anytime part of eastern region. Edo and Delta were firstly Western Region, later became MidWestern then change to Bendel state before becoming Edo and Delta state. Yet, Yoruba is not claiming Edo and Delta states the way Igbo is claiming Rivers and Delta state because some people speak Ibo in those states?

If you don’t know there are Yoruba in Benin Republic and Togo, Hausa in Niger Rep, and that does not in anyway make them Nigerians! So please they should let South South ( Niger Delta) be !

Igbo may have succeeded in brainwashing some South South people that they are one of them, it is a big lie because we are not!

They may have also succeeded in brainwashing some of us that only Hausa and Yoruba are the problem of Nigeria and the South South. It is also a big lie! They are one and same.

As far as I am concerned, all the 3 major tribes are struggling for control of South South oil. None of them is better than the other. Therefore biafran zealots must know if South South would ever want to divide from Nigeria, our reasons will be based on lack of true fiscal federalism. We will never join Igbo to glamour for succession that is based on Igbo born to rule, control and expliotation mentality.

Igbo make noise and claim the north have born to rule mentality because of Sokoto’s state moto which they have changed already. But the people with true born to rule mentality are the Igbos. Is it not bcos they aint having their way that they are complaining and making all this noise in nigeria?

When Jonathan was in power, when they were gaining more individually, why didn’t they agitate for Biafra? Even when Jonathan was a failure not just to the east but to Nigeria, they still agitate not? Why because they have candy. Now that candy has been taken away, they are now complaining and shouting Biafra.
Ain’t they just too greedy?

THE PROBLEM WITH IGBO ARE GREED, SELF-ENTITLEMENT, AND BORN TO RULE, CONTROL AND EXPLIOT MENTALITY. Ask me how again and I will answer your question with another question; Who is going to benefit more if we merge? Who have something and who has nothing?

Do you think if we had nothing they will still include us in their struggle? I doubt! But what exactly do we have that Igbo dont? Simple, look at the map. When you remove South South from their foolish Biafra struggle, you will notice on the map that the whole of South East ( Iboland) is landlocked with no direct access to the sea or atlantic ocean.

But almost all the South South states have direct access to the sea/atlantic ocean. Some will say they have Niger river. But I tell you river Niger is not a sea or ocean for big ship.

In addition, the South South have more than 90% resources of oil, gas, limestone etc. Do you think if we have none of these, these Biafrauds would add us and still call us their own?
Please answer sincerely.

Tell me why South South would want to form a country with South East if they had they chance, choice to form theirs?

Why would we want to form a country with this region that will bring nothing but population, domination and greed to the table? If u think I lie, go visit all the five eastern states and show me which one can be compared to Cross River, Akwa Ibom or even Rivers states? How many states in the east are develop or even business friendly?

How many investors can come to the east and do business in peace? Do any of the South East states give anything to nigeria or the South South? I think they take more instead.

If u think I’m lying, you can do us the favour and tell us wat exactly they give because all I can see is non-stop kidnapping and baby factories. Some will say oil, but I tell you the total oil production from the South East is not up to 5% of the South South oil. So what exactly are they bringing to the table?…”-

CREDITS : Olly Koko Ringit Laa
Tunde Salam

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol   327

HOW THE APOSTLES DIED.

1. Matthew

Suffered martyrdom in Ethiopia, Killed by a wound.

2. Mark

Died in Alexandria, Egypt , after being dragged by Horses through the streets until he was dead.

3. Luke

Was hanged in Greece as a result of his tremendous preaching to the lost.

4. John

Faced martyrdom when he was boiled in huge Basin of boiling oil during a wave of persecution In Rome. However, he was miraculously delivered from death.

John was then sentenced to the mines on the prison Island of Patmos. He wrote his prophetic Book of Revelation on Patmos .

The apostle John was later freed and returned to serve as Bishop of Edessa in modern Turkey . He died as an old man, the only apostle to die peacefully and a natural death

5. Peter

He was crucified upside down on an X-shaped cross. According to church tradition it was because he told his tormentors that he felt unworthy to die In the same way that Jesus Christ had died.

6. James

The leader of the church in Jerusalem , was thrown over a hundred feet down from the southeast pinnacle of the Temple when he refused to deny his faith in Christ. When they discovered that he survived the fall, his
enemies beat James to death with a fuller’s club.

* This was the same pinnacle where Satan had taken Jesus during the Temptation.

7. James the Son of Zebedee,

James was a fisherman by trade when Jesus Called him to a lifetime of ministry. As a strong leader of the church, James was beheaded at Jerusalem. The Roman officer who guarded James watched amazed as James defended his faith at his trial. Later, the officer walked beside James to the place of execution. Overcome by conviction, he declared his new faith to the judge and knelt beside James to accept beheading as a Christian.

8. Bartholomew

Also known as Nathaniel. Was a missionary to Asia. He witnessed for our Lord in present day Turkey. Bartholomew was martyred for his preaching in Armenia where he was flayed to death by a whip.

9. Andrew

Was crucified on an X-shaped cross in Patras, Greece. After being whipped severely by seven soldiers they tied his body to the cross with cords to prolong his agony. His followers reported that, when he was led toward the cross, Andrew saluted it in these words:

‘I have long desired and expected this happy hour. The cross has been consecrated by the body of Christ hanging on it.’ He continued to preach to his tormentors for two days until he expired.

10. Thomas

Was stabbed with a spear in India during one of his missionary trips to establish the church in the Sub-continent.

11. Jude

Was killed with arrows when he refused to deny his faith in Christ.

12. Matthias

The apostle chosen to replace the traitor Judas Iscariot, was stoned and then beheaded.

13. Paul

Was tortured and then beheaded by the evil Emperor Nero at Rome in A.D. 67. Paul endured a lengthy imprisonment, which allowed him to write his many
epistles to the churches he had formed throughout the Roman Empire. These letters, which taught many of the foundational doctrines of Christianity, form a large portion of the New Testament.

Perhaps this is a reminder to us that our sufferings here are indeed minor compared to the intense persecution and cold cruelty faced by the apostles and disciples during their times for the sake of the faith. And ye shall be hated of all men for My Name’s sake: But he that endureth to the end shall be saved.

Pass on to encourage other Christians
Why Do we feel sleepy in Prayer,
But stay awake through a 3 hour movie?

Why are we so bored when we look at the HOLY BOOK,
But find it easy to read other books?

Why is it so easy to ignore a message about God,
Yet we forward the nasty ones?

Why are prayers getting smaller, but bars and clubs are expanding

Why is it so easy to worship a celebrity, but very difficult to engage with God?

Think about these.

Credits: Ramsey Joshua Ilesanmi

 

 

 

 

 

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol  328

Biafra Republic will only be a fresh country of the looters. It can never be the solution for the oppressed Easterners.
Virtually all the Governors, Local Government Chairmen, Legislators, Judges, Government Officials and Politicians in the East are terrifically corrupt. They are as corrupts as their counterparts in other regions. So what difference will Biafra bring?
You live in the East where your Governors daily embezzle your monthly allocations and yet you are clamouring for Biafra. What for? You sell Gala and Bottle Water on Lagos-Ibadan Expressway, you do your business at Alaba Int’l Market Lagos, at Computer Village Ikeja Lagos, Eko-Idumota Lagos and Ladipo Market Lagos, and yet you are demanding for Biafra. Is that not thoughtless?
If Biafra Republic is born today, the Looters and Cabals from the East, along with their children are the set of people that will be Governors, Commissioners, Legislators, etc and the looting will continue. So what does it matter?
Or can anyone name the saints among the Eastern politicians? Masses in the West, South and North are the not the problem of the Eastern Masses. Politicians are the problem. Disintegration is not the solution.

CREDITS : Olusola Opeyemi

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol  329

Agitation for Biafra: A piece of advice by Nostra II

Did anybody or any other ethnic nationality ever stop Biafrans from living the union? But what sensible Nigerians are saying is. .

Nigeria is not a nation. It’s a country of many ethnic nations joined / grouped together by a foreign institution (colonialists) and bounded together by an international law. Therefore , if any ethnic nation / nationality wanted to leave they are free to go but let them do so in a civilized manner /way and not by bullying other people as if they are their “God”.

NOBODY, NO ETHNIC NATION OR NATIONALITY INSIDE THE NIGERIA UNION IS HOLDING THE BIAFRAN IGBO FROM LEAVING THE UNION .If Biafrans want to leave, it’s very simple logical process. Let them refuse to participate in anything Nigeria. Let them tell all their citizens, their fellow Biafrans in Nigeria National Assembly to withdraw and come back home. Let them tell all the Biafrans in Nigerian armed forces to resign. Let them tell all their fellow Igbos all over Nigeria and abroad, to come back home (in protest) to sign a petition that they’re no more Nigerians and take it to the United Nation (under which Nigeria as a country is a members) to sanction and the international community should recognise them. Afterall we all knew how Eritreans left Ethiopia let Biafrans do the same.

However, they should realise some things. Inasmuchas nobody is holding them, the actions of some Biafra activists amount to outright TREASON. Do u know what treason is? Why do you think Spain is very reluctant to let go Catalonia (capital Barcelona) or Basque region, or it took wars for Eritrea to secceed from Ethiopia and South Sudan from Sudan and East Timor from Indonesia, even seccession of fmr Yugoslavia? What’s happening in Ukraine now? Why can’t ukraine let the ethnic minority Russians who are in East Ukraine go? It’s not as easy as A,B,C.

It will take a process, a very long one. UN will have to be involved but they must first put their heads together and get their acts right.If they want to use bullying tactics to leave the union other Nigerians and international community will tell them they are not in anyway better than other Nigerians they are condemning. They should please stop bullying other Nigerian tribes.

There’s been so much talk and agitation about Biafra mostly by younger Igbos who never tasted the Civil war. Has there been any indication by any of the South-South States of Nigeria of the inclusion in a breakaway Biafra or is it the lust of the agitators to control the Niger Delta and Rivers with their Oil fields? Do the people of the South-South geographical area have any choice in this matter or do we have to be carved into their dream Biafra? The people of the South-South do not have any desire whatsoever to be part of a breakaway Biafra. They should stop the delusion of annexing any South South region

However will creation of Biafra solve their problems? Has there been peace in South Sudan? If we failed to get it right as a big country (Nigeria), it’s a small unlikely chance ( some say delusionary) that we will get it right as a micro entity of Nigeria. Just like Donald Trump said recently that Africa needs to be re-colonised, has independence solved Africa’s problems? Ask your fathers, grandparents and great grandparents if they were not better off during the colonial period. Read books too.

But the Biafrans must be prepared for the consequences. and should be prepared for the like of Rochas , Pius Anyim, Nnamani, Sam Egwu and Orji Uzor Kalu et al to rule them. I don’t thing I should talk more on this.

NB: This piece is strictly addressed to the Biafran agitators and their sympathisers which may be a micro percentage of the Igbos. Any reference to the larger unsympathetic group is unintended and highly regretted. Thanks for ur understanding

Additional credits : Tunde Salam, Rose P Graham

FREEDAY FREE FOOD FOR FRIENDS’ FREAKING FREETHINKING Vol   330

Two Years of Govt’s Privatisation of electricity : Fraudulent DISCOS and GENCOS

How justified is the proposed increase in Electricity Tariff by the Disco as supported by Dr. Sam Amadi led NERC. Snippets on how PHCN was fraudulently unbundled.

The discos are proposing increment in the tariff of electricity and the NERC led by Sam Amadi is considering approval for it despite no visible improvement in service delivery?

Well, am sure many consumers are not aware that at the taking over of PHCN in 3rd, November,2013 by the Discos, the federal government absorbed all the outstanding debts of consumers up to 31st October, 2013, and that the receivables of the new owners commenced from November,2013?

Yet, some of this discos still harrased their customers and consumers over those outstanding outside the current charges which supposed to be their legit receivables.

Have you also heard that in their privatisation memorandum of understanding they both side which is in black and white they were given gestation period of eighteen (18) months during which they are expected to meter all consumers with prepaid meters and fix all other things to allow justifiable receivable monthly bills?

By on the 3rd of this month ( Nov 2015), it will be exactly two years they took over and till now,’many consumers remain unmetered and still being charged on estimated billings. The NERC led by Sam Amadi, has not done anything on that, but contemplating increase in tariff for them.

Where then lie the justification for the increase?
Do you also know that, many of our past rulers and oppressors are the owners of the Discos and Gencos, therefore making it difficult to offer respite for the masses because they have been our oppressors from time go and wanted to remain so.

While IBB pitched his tent with Abuja Disco, Abdulsalam Abubarkar sat on the board of Egbin thermal and Ikeja Disco. Tunde AYENI and Dieziani, hold sway in Ibadan Disco, Namadi Sambo in charge of Kaduna Disco, Tinubu in Eko Disco,to mention just a few.

With all these people, do we still need to look far while they want to continued their hegemony on us?

Full Credits:
Adeola Samuel Opeyemi

Mohammed Manga, Nigeria’s First Suicide Bomber By Naijarchives

Full Names & Titles: Alhaji Mohammed Manga

Mohammed Manga, Nigeria's First Suicide Bomber

ORIGIN

He was a Fulani from Adamawa State but grew up in Maiduguri where he later succumbed to the Islamist teachings and ideologies of the late Mohammed Yusuf, the slain leader of the Boko Haram sect.

BIRTH & EARLY DAYS

He was born around 1976 as he was 35 as at the time he carried out the suicide bombing.

CAREER AND LATER DAYS

As reported by the Blueprint, Mohammed Manga was a business man and he did fairly well before he decided to kill himself. Amongst his friends and business associates, he was referred to as Alhaji Manga. He started out as a commercial and private driver and later, few years before the Boko Haram uprising in July 2009, he began travelling to Cotonou in Benin Republic and then later Dubai, United Arab Emirates to buy various goods. He was also described as one of the main pillars behind the provision of weapons for Boko Haram.

LOVE, MARRIAGE & FAMILY

He was married with five children. Before he left for his journey of terror, he had left the sum of more than N4 million in his will for his kids –two girls and three boys. He had also encouraged other Muslims to sacrifice their lives in the path of jihad.

THE SUICIDE BOMBING

On the 16th June, 2011, the first case of suicide bombing was recorded in Nigeria when Manga rammed his explosive-laden vehicle into the Louis Edet House, the headquarters of the Nigeria Police Force and blew up the whole cargo on behalf of Boko Haram. He had driven overnight all the way from Maiduguri to Abuja to execute the attack in the morning, where he killed five people including a police officer and destroyed many cars in the blast.

It is also believed that Manga must have been accompanied by at least one collaborator, who was responsible for taking his last photograph alive as he drove through the streets of the nation’s capital. The accomplice(s) might have left the car before Manga reached the Force Headquarters.

Contrary to the initial reports by the police, Manga used a Honda 86 model to carry out his heinous act, and not a Mercedes Benz V-boot. This piece was revealed to the Blueprint newspaper by the top commanders of the Jama’atu Ahl-Sunnati-Lil-Daawati-Wal-Jihad, better known as Boko Haram in a phone interview done in Hausa with the group’s spokesperson named Abu Zaid who said: ‘He was calm and never hesitated or showed fear.’ Abu Zaid said further that everyone at the scene that night on the eve of the bombing felt jealous and envious, wishing that it was their ‘chance to act and gain entry into paradise’.

He also said that the primary target of the attack was none other than the then Inspector-General of Police, Alhaji Hafiz Ringim and stated that it was no different from their attacks in the past and that this particular one was catalyzed all of a sudden in response to Ringim’s boast that Boko Haram would be eradicated in a matter of weeks. On the 15th of June 2011, Ringim was in the Government House, Maiduguri where he told a gathering which included the Borno State Governor Kashim Shettima while receiving 10 armoured personnel carriers that the Borno State Government had donated to the police:

“Now that the (general) elections are over, our attention would be concentrated and I want to assure you that the days of the Boko Haram are numbered.

Abu Zaid who also insisted that the explosives used in the meticulously-planned attack (the IGP narrowly escaped) was a ready-made one acquired from abroad, also saying that several of them will be used in future attacks. He also said:

“I was surprised when the police said the car was a Mercedes ‘V-Boot’…It was never a Mercedes. The car used for the attack was an ash-colour Honda 86. We are surprised over the way the police are confused anytime we strike.”

THANKS FOR YOUR TIME.

ABIYAMO. 

CREDITS & REFERENCES

Ahmad Salkida, Blueprint, Sahara Reporters.

10 Foods Proven to Harm Your Health

by Genevieve Fish

We all love to indulge in a guilty food pleasure once in a while. In all honesty, probably more than once in a while. But while some foods — like a flourless chocolate cake — are well worth the splurge, others are not. We’ve put together a list of nine foods scientifically proven to harm your health in unnecessary ways. Make your splurge foods count, but please avoid these baddies going forward.

Processed meat

The World Health Organization says eating processed meat can lead to bowel cancer in humans while red meat is a likely cause of the disease. The group put processed meat such as hot dogs and ham in its group 1 list, which already includes tobacco, asbestos and diesel fumes, for which there is “sufficient evidence” of cancer links. Beef, lamb and pork was classified as a “probable” carcinogen in its group 2A list that also contains glyphosate, the active ingredient in many weedkillers.

Soda

Soda, diet or otherwise, is a bad idea. According to Harvard School of Public Health, people who consumer sugary drinks regularly (i.e., one to two cans a day or more) have a 26% greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people who don’t consume hose beverages. Another shocking statistic from Harvard is that a 22-year-long study of 80 women showed that those who drink a can of sugary soda a day have a 75% greater risk of gout than women who rarely drink sugary beverages.

Diet sodas may have a better reputation than regular, but they are still far from ideal. In fact, drinking diet soda, which often tastes sweeter than sugar due to its chemical makeup, can raise your sweet tolerance, making it nearly impossible to enjoy the natural sweetness of something like a banana or a peach. Regardless, both diet and regular sodas have been linked to obesity, kidney damage, and certain cancers. If you’re craving something carbonated, go for a sparkling mineral water with a squeeze of lemon or lime.

Margarine

As we’ve mentioned before, “fat is very likely the most understood of the macronutrients.” Margarine, a lab-created vegetable oil–based butter substitute, used to be touted as healthier than butter since it lacked the animal fat associated with bad cholesterol. But lots of margarine products contain trans fat—the worst fat of them all.

Like saturated fat, trans fat increases blood cholesterol levels and your risk of heart disease. But that’s not all. Trans fat lowers your HDL, or “good” cholesterol levels. Rule of thumb for margarine is as follows: The more solid the margarine, the more trans fat it has. We recommend backing away from the margarine altogether and opting for real butter when said ingredient is a must.

Farm-Raised Fish

We love the nutritional benefits of fish, but unfortunately, farmed fish lack a significant amount of the nutritional benefits that we associate with wild catch. The difference in nutritional value is due to their food source. While wild fish consume their omega-3s from aquatic plants, farmed fish are fed with a high-corn diet. This causes farmed fish to accumulate unhealthy levels of the fatty acids (which you can see in the thicker fat deposits of a salmon filet, for example).

Additionally, farmed fish are often given antibiotics, which can cause humans who eat farmed fish to develop antibiotic-resistant disease. Then there are the ethical questions to think about in terms of farm fishing. Farmed fish are subjected to the routine stresses of hyper-confinement and are typically killed in slow, painful ways.

RELATED: 7 Surprising Foods a Nutritionist Says It’s Okay to Eat—And Why

Deli meat

This applies to processed meats in the United States more than anywhere else. In America, deli counter meats like ham, salami, hot dogs, and bacon aren’t just packed with artery-clogging fats. According to the US National Library of Medicine, they can have up to 400% more sodium and 50% more preservatives than unprocessed red meats. Environmental Working Group shares even more terrifying findings: Some deli meats contain nitrites and nitrates to enhance the color and flavor of the meat, and these chemical additives have been linked to various cancers. Alternatively, go for a fresh cut of New York steak, or if you’re craving that salty taste of cured meat, opt for lox.

Non-organic eggs

A recent scientific study published by the Johns Hopkins University Center for a Livable Future found that poultry on factory farms are “routinely fed caffeine, active ingredients of Tylenol and Benadryl,

banned antibiotics, and even arsenic.” Examination of feather meal, a poultry byproduct made of feathers, from China revealed traces of an antidepressant that is the active ingredient in Prozac. Opt for organic poultry and eggs in order to eliminate your chances of ingesting these hidden and potentially dangerous chemicals.

American cheese

New York–based dietitian and Living a Real Life With Real Food author Beth Warren tells Cosmopolitan, “The realist is that American cheese is not ‘cheese’ at all. It’s a factory creation of a cheese-like food made from a blend of milk fats, solids, some whey protein, emulsifiers, and food coloring.” Does that sound like a healthy mix of natural food to ingest into your body? No, it doesn’t. We suggest cutting the orange block of mystery substance out of your diet and opting for a healthier cheese option, like Pecorino Romano, ricotta, or aged cheddar. Unlike American cheese, aged cheddar offers a more natural combination of ingredients and, according to Jim White, R.D., spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, it contains relatively low levels of lactose.

RELATED: 5 Nutritionist-Approved Snacks to Keep at Your Desk

Microwave popcorn

Melissa Rifkin, a registered dietitian at Montefiore Medical Center in New York, warns against microwave popcorn. “It’s not healthy eating out of a bag anymore,” Rifkin says. According to the New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, microwave popcorn bags are often lined with a chemical called perfluorooctanesulfonic acid, which has been shown to affect fertility, cancer risk, and kidney function in animal and some human studies. To be safe, make your own popcorn using a popcorn machine or just a pot at home.

Frappuccinos

According to Forbes, a Grande mocha Frappuccino made with whole milk has 19 grams of fat and 480 calories. In comparison, according to Livestrong, a large fast-food burger with all of the condiments tallies in at 438 calories. So why waste a quarter of your suggested daily calories on a sugary drink that offers no nutritional value? We say either pick a “splurge” item with at least some nutritional benefit, like a burger, or forgo your Starbucks Frap in favor of an iced coffee with almond milk.

White bread

White bread is made from refined grains, meaning that it is made of a substance that has been stripped of most of its nutritional value (i.e., the elements that contain fiber, vitamins, and minerals). White bread is also low in zinc, vitamin E, and magnesium. While lacking tremendously in nutritional value, white bread also has a high glycemic index, meaning it has a very quick and punishing effect on our blood sugar and insulin levels. According to Livestrong, a diet rich in white bread and other foods with a high glycemic index cause weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease. Opt for whole grain alternatives. Harvard School of Public Health states that whole grains contain bran and fiber, “which slow the breakdown of starch into glucose—thus maintaining a steady blood sugar rather than causing sharp spikes.”

Full Credits : YahooNews

HOW THE APOSTLES DIED.

HOW THE APOSTLES DIED.

1. Matthew

Suffered martyrdom in Ethiopia, Killed by a wound.

2. Mark

Died in Alexandria, Egypt , after being dragged by Horses through the streets until he was dead.

3. Luke

Was hanged in Greece as a result of his tremendous preaching to the lost.

4. John

Faced martyrdom when he was boiled in huge Basin of boiling oil during a wave of persecution In Rome. However, he was miraculously delivered from death.

John was then sentenced to the mines on the prison Island of Patmos. He wrote his prophetic Book of Revelation on Patmos .

The apostle John was later freed and returned to serve as Bishop of Edessa in modern Turkey . He died as an old man, the only apostle to die peacefully and a natural death

5. Peter

He was crucified upside down on an X-shaped cross. According to church tradition it was because he told his tormentors that he felt unworthy to die In the same way that Jesus Christ had died.

6. James

The leader of the church in Jerusalem , was thrown over a hundred feet down from the southeast pinnacle of the Temple when he refused to deny his faith in Christ. When they discovered that he survived the fall, his
enemies beat James to death with a fuller’s club.

* This was the same pinnacle where Satan had taken Jesus during the Temptation.

7. James the Son of Zebedee,

James was a fisherman by trade when Jesus Called him to a lifetime of ministry. As a strong leader of the church, James was beheaded at Jerusalem. The Roman officer who guarded James watched amazed as James defended his faith at his trial. Later, the officer walked beside James to the place of execution. Overcome by conviction, he declared his new faith to the judge and knelt beside James to accept beheading as a Christian.

8. Bartholomew

Also known as Nathaniel. Was a missionary to Asia. He witnessed for our Lord in present day Turkey. Bartholomew was martyred for his preaching in Armenia where he was flayed to death by a whip.

9. Andrew

Was crucified on an X-shaped cross in Patras, Greece. After being whipped severely by seven soldiers they tied his body to the cross with cords to prolong his agony. His followers reported that, when he was led toward the cross, Andrew saluted it in these words:

‘I have long desired and expected this happy hour. The cross has been consecrated by the body of Christ hanging on it.’ He continued to preach to his tormentors for two days until he expired.

10. Thomas

Was stabbed with a spear in India during one of his missionary trips to establish the church in the Sub-continent.

11. Jude

Was killed with arrows when he refused to deny his faith in Christ.

12. Matthias

The apostle chosen to replace the traitor Judas Iscariot, was stoned and then beheaded.

13. Paul

Was tortured and then beheaded by the evil Emperor Nero at Rome in A.D. 67. Paul endured a lengthy imprisonment, which allowed him to write his many
epistles to the churches he had formed throughout the Roman Empire. These letters, which taught many of the foundational doctrines of Christianity, form a large portion of the New Testament.

Perhaps this is a reminder to us that our sufferings here are indeed minor compared to the intense persecution and cold cruelty faced by the apostles and disciples during their times for the sake of the faith. And ye shall be hated of all men for My Name’s sake: But he that endureth to the end shall be saved.

Pass on to encourage other Christians
Why Do we feel sleepy in Prayer,
But stay awake through a 3 hour movie?

Why are we so bored when we look at the HOLY BOOK,
But find it easy to read other books?

Why is it so easy to ignore a message about God,
Yet we forward the nasty ones?

Why are prayers getting smaller, but bars and clubs are expanding

Why is it so easy to worship a celebrity, but very difficult to engage with God?

Think about these.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome ( PCOS ) – What all women need to know about this

WHAT IS POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME (PCOS)?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), also called Stein–Leventhal syndrome, is a set of symptoms due to a hormone imbalance in women.Signs and symptoms of PCOS include irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, trouble getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin. Associated conditions include type 2 diabetes, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, mood disorders, and endometrial cancer.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with your periods and make it difficult to get pregnant. PCOS also may cause unwanted changes in the way you look. If it isn’t treated, over time it can lead to serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. Most women with PCOS grow many small cysts on their ovaries. That is why it is called polycystic ovary syndrome. The cysts are not harmful but lead to hormone imbalances.PCOS is the most common endocrine disorder among women between the ages of 18 and 44. It affects approximately 5% to 10% of this age group.It is one of the leading causes of poor fertility. The earliest known description of what is now recognized as PCOS dates from 1721 in Italy. The World Health Organization estimates that it affects 116 million women worldwide as of 2010 (3.4% of women). The condition was first described in 1935 by American gynecologists Irving F. Stein, Sr. and Michael L. Leventhal, from whom its original name of Stein–Leventhal syndrome is taken. The earliest published description of a person with what is now recognized as PCOS was in 1721 in Italy. Cyst-related changes to the ovaries were described in 1844.

Other names for this syndrome include polycystic ovary disease, functional ovarian hyperandrogenism, hyperandrogenic anovulation (HA), ovarian hyperthecosis, sclerocystic ovary syndrome, and Stein–Leventhal syndrome


WHAT CAUSES PCOS?
The cause of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is not fully understood, but genetics may be a factor. PCOS is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. While the exact cause of PCOS is unknown, doctors believe that hormonal imbalances and genetics play a role. Women are more likely to develop PCOS if their mother or sister also has the condition.

Risk factors include obesity, not enough physical exercise, and a family history of someone with the condition. Diagnosis is based on two of the following three findings: no ovulation, high androgen levels, and ovarian cysts. Cysts may be detectable by ultrasound. Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, and hyperprolactinemia.

PCOS has no cure. Early diagnosis and treatment can help control the symptoms and prevent long-term problems.

Hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many different processes, including growth and energy production. Often, the job of one hormone is to signal the release of another hormone. For reasons that are not well understood, in PCOS the hormones get out of balance. One hormone change triggers another, which changes another. For example:

* The sex hormones get out of balance. Normally, the ovaries make a tiny amount of male sex hormones (androgens). In PCOS, they start making slightly more androgens. This may cause you to stop ovulating, get acne, and grow extra facial and body hair.

* The body may have a problem using insulin, called insulin resistance. When the body doesn’t use insulin well, blood sugar levels go up. Over time, this increases your chance of getting diabetes. Androgen is a male sex hormone that women’s bodies also produce.

Women with PCOS often produce higher-than-normal levels of androgen. This can affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation. Excess insulin (a hormone that helps convert sugars and starches into energy) may cause high androgen levels.

SYMPTOMS OF PCOS

Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) tend to start gradually. Hormone changes that lead to PCOS often start in the early teens, after the first menstrual period. Symptoms may be especially noticeable after a weight gain.

Symptoms may include:

* Menstrual problems: These can include few or no menstrual periods or heavy, irregular bleeding.

* Hair loss from the scalp and hair growth (hirsutism) on the face, chest, back, stomach, thumbs, or toes.

* Acne and oily skin

* Fertility problems, such as not releasing an egg (not ovulating) or repeat miscarriages or inability to get pregnant

* Hirsutism (male pattern of hair growth)

* High levels of masculinizing hormones

* Insulin resistance and too much insulin (hyperinsulinemia), which can cause things like upper body obesity.

* Depression or mood swings.

* Breathing problems while sleeping (obstructive sleep apnea). This is linked to both obesity and insulin resistance.

* Metabolic syndrome: This appears as a tendency towards central obesity and other symptoms associated with insulin resistance.

WHAT HAPPENS WITH PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can affect your reproductive system and how your body handles blood sugar. It can also affect your heart.

A) REPRODUCTIVE CHALLENGES WITH PCOS

Hormone imbalances can cause several types of pregnancy problems and related problems, including:

* Infertility. This happens when the ovaries aren’t releasing an egg every month.

* Repeat miscarriages.

* Gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

* Increased blood pressure during pregnancy or delivery, having a larger than normal or smaller than normal baby, or having a premature baby.

* Precancer of the uterine lining (endometrial hyperplasia). This can happen when you don’t have regular menstrual cycles, which normally build up and “clear off” the uterine lining every month.

* Uterine (endometrial) cancer. Risk during the reproductive years is 3 times greater in women who have PCOS than in women who ovulate monthly.

B) PCOS CHALLENGES WITH BLOOD SUGAR

Insulin is a hormone that helps your body’s cells get the sugar they need for energy. Sometimes these cells don’t fully respond to insulin. This is called insulin resistance.

*It can lead to diabetes.

*Heart problems and stroke

High insulin levels from PCOS can lead to heart and blood vessel problems. These include:

* Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).

* Coronary artery disease and heart attack.

* High blood pressure.

* High cholesterol.

* Stroke.

WHAT INCREASES YOUR RISK OF HAVING PCOS?

The main risk factor for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a family history of it. Your chance of having it is higher if other women in your family have it or have irregular periods or diabetes. PCOS can be passed down from either your mother’s or father’s side.

A family history of diabetes may increase your risk for PCOS because of the strong relationship between diabetes and PCOS.

Long-term use of the seizure medicine valproate (such as Depakote) has been linked to an increased risk of PCOS

WHEN TO CALL/SEE A DOCTOR.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) causes a wide range of symptoms, so it may be hard to know when to see your doctor. But early diagnosis and treatment will help prevent serious health problems, such as diabetes and heart disease. See your doctor if you have symptoms that suggest PCOS.

Call your doctor right away or seek immediate medical care if:

A) You have severe vaginal bleeding. You are passing clots of blood and soaking through your usual pads or tampons every hour for 2 or more hours.

B) More vaginal bleeding, or bleeding is more irregular.

C) Regular menstrual cycles but you have been trying unsuccessfully to become pregnant for more than 12 months.

D) Any symptoms of diabetes, such as increased thirst and frequent urination (especially at night), unexplained increase in appetite, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, or tingling or numbness in your hands or feet.

E) Depression or mood swings. Many women may have emotional problems related to the physical symptoms of PCOS, such as excess hair, obesity, or infertility.

WATCHFUL WAITING

Taking a wait-and-see approach (called watchful waiting) is not appropriate if you may have PCOS. Early diagnosis and treatment may help prevent future problems.

PCOS DIAGNOSIS.

No single test can show that you have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Your doctor will talk to you about your medical history, do a physical exam, and run some tests.

The medical history includes questions about your symptoms which will be asked by your doctor such as,changes in your weight, skin, hair, and menstrual cycle. He or she may also ask you about problems with getting pregnant, medicines you are taking, and your eating and exercise habits.
You will also talk about any family history of hormone problems, including diabetes.

The physical exam checks your thyroid gland, skin, hair, breasts, and belly. You will have a blood pressure check and a pelvic exam to find out if you have enlarged or abnormal ovaries. Your doctor can also check your body mass index (BMI).

ULTRASOUND

You may have a pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound, which might show enlarged ovaries with small cysts. These are signs of PCOS. But many women with PCOS don’t have these signs.

LAB TESTS

You may have blood tests to check for

* Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), to find out if you are pregnant.

* Testosterone, an androgen. Androgens at high levels can block ovulation and cause acne, male-type hair growth on the face and body, and hair loss from the scalp.

* Prolactin, which can play a part in a lack of menstrual cycles or infertility.

* Cholesterol and triglycerides, which can be at unhealthy levels with PCOS.

* Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to check for an overactive or underactive thyroid.

* Adrenal gland hormones, such as DHEA-S or 17-hydroxyprogesterone. An adrenal problem can cause symptoms much like PCOS.

* Glucose tolerance and insulin levels, which can show insulin resistance.

TESTING FOR AILMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH PCOS

DIABETES:
If you have PCOS, experts recommend that you have blood glucose testing for diabetes

HEART DISEASE:
Your doctor will regularly check your cholesterol and triglycerides, blood pressure, and weight. This is because PCOS is linked to higher risks of high blood pressure, weight gain, high cholesterol, heart disease, hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis), heart attack, and stroke.

UTERINE (ENDOMETRIAL )CANCER:
Regular menstrual cycles normally build up and “clear off” the uterine lining every month. When the uterine lining builds up for a long time, precancer of the uterine lining (endometrial hyperplasia) can grow.
If you have had infrequent menstrual periods for at least 1 year, your doctor may use a transvaginal ultrasound and/or endometrial biopsy to look for signs of precancer or cancer.

TREATMENT FOR PCOS.

The primary treatments for PCOS include: lifestyle changes, medications and surgery.

Goals of treatment may be considered under four categories:

Treatments depend on your symptoms and whether you are planning a pregnancy. Not all women with PCOS have difficulty becoming pregnant even though most of those who have it will have difficulty in getting pregnant. There is no cure for PCOS, but controlling it lowers your risks of infertility, miscarriages, diabetes, heart disease, and uterine cancer. Treatment may involve lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise. Birth control pills may help with improving the regularity of periods, excess hair, and acne. Metformin and anti-androgens may also help. Other typical acne treatments and hair removal techniques may be used. Efforts to improve fertility include weight loss, clomiphene, or metformin. In vitro fertilization is used by some in whom other measures are not effective.Regular exercise, a healthy diet, weight control, and not smoking are all important parts of treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). You may also take medicine to balance your hormone. If you are overweight, weight loss may be all the treatment you need. A small amount of weight loss is likely to help balance your hormones and start up your menstrual cycle and ovulation. If you smoke, consider quitting. Women who smoke have higher levels of androgens than women who don’t smoke.

SURGERY

Surgical treatment is sometimes used for women with infertility caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) who do not start ovulating after taking medicine. During surgery, ovarian function is improved by reducing the number of small cysts.

SURGERY CHOICES

• Ovarian wedge resection is the surgical removal of part of an ovary. This is done to help regulate menstrual cycles and start normal ovulation. It is rarely used now because of the possibility of damaging the ovary and creating scar tissue.

• Laparoscopic ovarian drilling is a surgical treatment that can trigger ovulation in women who have PCOS and who have not responded to weight loss and fertility medicine.

• Electrocautery or a laser is used to destroy portions of the ovaries.

WHAT TO THINK ABOUT

Surgery for PCOS may be recommended only if you have not responded to any other treatment for PCOS. Each woman will want to discuss the risks and benefits of this surgery with her doctor. Surgery is less likely to lead to multiple pregnancies than taking fertility medicines. It is not known how long the benefits from surgery will last.

There is some concern that ovarian surgery can cause scar tissue, which can lead to pain or more fertility problems

MAIN CREDITS : Esther At Nordica

OTHER CREDITS: Wikipedia
Infertility Facebook Group
Nordica Fertility Centre
Trucare Fertility Centre

Enough Of This Biafra Nonsense! – Alabo

As a Rivers man who saw the events of 1967-1970 and who was old enough to understand them, this protest in Port Harcourt is a slap on true Rivers indigenes. and the memory of ALL the Rivers men and women who were slaughtered in the pogroms and ethnic cleansing committed during the civil war by the Biafran Army.
Let us remind ourselves of the TRUE facts and REAL reasons behind the secession and subsequent civil war. Ojukwu and his cohorts decided to secede from Nigeria because Gowon broke up the regions and created Rivers State among the 12 states he created. Remember the Aburi accord? Article 4 of that accord had to do with the breaking up of the regions. On the 27th of May, 1967, Gowon broke up the Regions, from the then Eastern Region and carved out Rivers, South-Eastern and East-Central states. 3 days later on 30th May, 1967 Ojukwu seceded citing the Aburi accord. ON ABURI WE STAND!! The rallying war cry of the day. How anyone who calls himself/herself a Rivers indigene support tacitly or otherwise the so-called Biafra cause when Biafra seceeded just because Rivers State was created and the Rivers people for once had a right to self rule?
In the quest for a sovereign country did the Igbo majority seek, discuss with or solicit the support of the minorities in the Oil Rivers and South-East?? Where is Biafra? How do you seek for a country which was susequently named Biafra WITHOUT involving the indigenous people of Biafra? Isn’t that supreme arrogance or maybe they were not included because they were meant to be wiped out later. Events proved the latter to be true.
Late Chief (Dr.) Nabo Graham-Douglas who was the Attorney General of the Eastern Region was sent on compulsory leave and exiled to his home town Abonnema with orders for him to be executed. Fortunately the plans leaked and he miraculously escaped. He didn’t draw the Articles of secession and only heard about Biafra from the BBC journalists who came to interview him in Abonnema.
He was one of the lucky ones.
The ethnic cleansing began in earnest. Our intelligentsia; top civil servants, technocrats and other able bodied men and women were rounded up and summarily executed in Enugu, Owerri, Aba, Umuahia, Degema, Buguma, Bakana, to mention but a few towns/cities. In Port Harcourt, Rainbow town and Igritta, became killing fields. the bones of those victims still lie there
These atrocities were committed by the Biafran Army, against people who were supposed to be fighting the same cause with them.
In a bid to wipe out the minority tribes, our towns and villages were evacuated, our men put to slave labour and later on shot (reminiscent of Nazi Germany), our women taken as sex slaves, young boys shared the same fate as the men. Bakana, Bille, Abonnema were all forcefully evacuated.
Finally, when the Nigerian Army counter attacked and liberated Port Harcourt, the retreating Biafran Army, burnt Kingsway (now Supabod building), Nabo Graham-Douglas’s law library (which was the best Law library in the whole of West Africa) and other land marks in the Garden city. Of what military significance were these acts??
I don’t blame the misguided ill-informed people for trampling on the graves of those who were murdered by the Biafran Army, by protesting in Port Harcourt. I blame Gowon for forbidding accounts of the war being published after the war, but more importantly for not trying war criminals (like Col Ojeh of Degema) within the Biafran Army and holding them accountable for their inhuman and murderous actions during the war. 70 years after World War 2, we are still reminded on a daily basis the atrocities that the Nazi’s committed. If Gowon had done what he was morally and duty bound to do, this matter of Biafra would have been put to rest once and for all.
By the way, in May 1968, my uncle (my mother’s younger brother) was shot in his Warri street residence in Port Harcourt, his corpse butchered, his flesh sold as Biafra meat in Mile 1 market. That same day the Nigerian Army opened up and started shelling Port Harcourt, which was ultimately liberated
Are those protesting and the other supporters of “Biafra” aware of these facts??
The war has been over these past 45 years, we are forging on as a country, setting aside our ethnocentric issues. That Ex-Biafrans have been assimilated into all spheres of our society (as they should), without any punishment meted out to the war criminals among them, doesn’t give anyone the right to re-write history or bring these painful memories back.
ENOUGH IS ENOUGH!!!

Who killed DELE GIWA? By Dr.Taiyemiwo Ogunade

Who killed DELE GIWA?
°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°

“Mohammed Buba Marwa delivered the letter bomb that Killed Dele Giwa” — Dr
. Taiyemiwo Ogunade
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

On Sunday, Professor Taiyemiwo Ogunade gave a bombshell interview to the NATION newspaper in which he made startling revelations about those who killed Dele Giwa in 1986. In a subsequent chat with Saharareporters, he spoke specifically about the role of former military administrator of Lagos State Buba Marwa in the assassination of the colourful journalist.

Dr. Ogunade disclosed that soldiers loyal to the slain General Mamman Vatsa identified Marwa as the person who delivered the parcel bomb that killed Giwa, the Newswatch magazine founder.
He said the revelation came from a confidential discussion he had with one of the military boys who came to the City University of New York (CUNY) to press the college to train Nigerian military officials in “Peace and Conflict Resolution”. He said that Vatsa gave a four-hour long testimony to the military tribunal that tried and later sentenced him to death for a phantom coup plot against former military dictator, Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida.
Saharareporters : Do you know who delivered the bomb that killed Dele Giwa?
Ogunade: I believe that Buba Marwa did it. Some Mamman Vatsa boys told the full story in New York during a visit to my college to lobby our college to accept to train Nigerian military officers. Ambassador Olusola was on that entourage. [My informant] told me Dele Giwa was killed because he was in possession of a tape containing Vatsa’s testimony before the military tribunal. For four hours, Vatsa requested to tell the full story about how the Babangida regime was operating and his knowledge of the workings of IBB’s mind. He pointed out that after Halilu Akilu and Col. A.K Togun of the military intelligence prepared the parcel it was handed over to Buba Marwa to deliver to Dele Giwa. Marwa is a well–known “IBB boy”. But I was the one who gave Dele Giwa the tape.

Saharareporters : How did you get the tape?

Ogunade: Vatsa had a copy made by his friends in the tribunal and smuggled out to me and I “loaned” it to Dele Giwa who got on the case immediately. I still don’t know how Dele Giwa found out that I had the tape till this day.

Saharareporters : Do you still have a copy?
Ogunade: Yes, but you know I left Nigeria hurriedly after the death of Dele Giwa. I left [the tape] with my aged mother, who did not know the value then. I won’t say more, let the military release that tape to the Nigerian public.

Saharareporters : Did Dele Giwa return the tape to you?

Ogunade: Yes, he returned it after 24 hours. Don’t forget that I loaned it to him; I think he went and played it to Babangida’s people and they eliminated him after they heard the tape.

Saharareporters : What about Gloria Okon? It’s been said that Dele Giwa’s discovery of her was the reason he was killed?

Ogunade: Gloria Okon is actually Chinyere, that’s her real name. She married Charles “Jeff” Chandler, the fellow who killed Nzeogwu and was killed a day later. Chinyere, Maryam and Princess Atta were young friends who hung out together. They all married into the military, because the military was a proud and respectable profession then. Charles Chandler, who was Tiv, married Chinyere who I think is from Imo State. IBB married Maryam from Asaba and Mamman Vatsa married the princess. So Chinyere became a widow and resorted to trading between UK and Nigeria. And then she was caught with drugs; Mamman Vatsa was the person who put Chinyere on the next available flight from Kano to London – and then claimed that she was dead by parading a dead woman picked out of the mortuary. Dele Giwa later found out that she was in London having delivered a baby by another man. He sent a French photographer to the place and they saw Maryam Babangida at the event. Kayode Soyinka brought back the photographs.
Dele was sitting across the table from Kayode examining the photos taken of “Gloria Okon” (Chinyere, Richard Chandler’s wife) at the naming ceremony in London. Maryam Babangida was there. And then a letter parcel was delivered to him and he said excitedly that it must be from “Mr. President” referring to the discussions he had with IBB days earlier. The bomb exploded and severed his lower abdomen; he died a few hours later.

Saharareporters: Did you ever meet Marwa again? And did you ask him about his involvement?

Ogunade: Yes, Marwa was very active in the Nigerian embassy in New York. For a long time he was the “military attaché” to the Nigerian mission in New York while I was a professor of Black Studies at the City University of New York. He came to my college to sign a $30 million contract with the college so that members of the Nigerian military could attend a “Peace and Conflict Resolution program” and then be awarded a masters degree upon completion of the program. I fought bitterly against it, but the chair of the department, John Muyibi Amoda, badly wanted the money. I kept fighting and one day the college authorities acceded to my request. When I got home the college had dismissed me, but also I got a fax message saying the $30 million had been returned to Marwa. But between Marwa and Abacha they never returned that money to the Nigerian treasury. They shared it. I heard between him and Abacha, over $250 million was laundered through an account used by the New York mission of the Nigerian embassy. Marwa later set up an airline with his share of the loot. When he showed up to run for president I was the one who petitioned the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) to investigate him. He confessed to money laundering in handwritten statements to the EFCC, but today he is the ambassador of Nigeria to South Africa. The police officer that investigated him, Ibrahim Magu, is permanently suspended from the police force after he was humiliated by the EFCC. It is a shameful country.

Saharareporters : What else did you do?

Ogunade: We helped start the Obama phenomenon in Chicago.

Saharareporters : How?

Ogunade: We fought and exposed Carol Mosley-Braun who was Abacha’s agent in the US Senate. She was removed from the US Senate because she took $5 million from Abacha to help cover his tracks in the US. We exposed her, which was how it became possible for the brilliant Obama to become the US president today. We set the stage for it.

°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°

“Any Evil Done By Man To Man Will Be Redressed; If Not Now Then Later, If Not By Man Then By GOD …”

– Dele Giwa

(16 March 1947 – 19 October 1986)

‘CHASTITY OF TRUTH’ ON FASHOLA and AMEACHI! By Solomon Ekpo

What a country do we live in and a people we are!

So many things have unfolded in our political atmosphere and our social ‘blogging’ realm.

First it was the former governor of our ‘Centre of Excellence’ state, Mr. Babatunde Fashola.

Fashola got screened by the upper chamber of the National Assembly and made remarkable eye opening happenings during his stay as governor.
One major thing he said was, as a governor, he never signed cheques for the work of governance in the state, I expected to hear from quarters of haters that he lied, but no one has come out to debunk his story, yet we don’t believe him!

And we refuse to ponder how then did he structure his government, that as the Chief Executive of the state he didn’t alter cheque leaves.

I expected our good-for-nothing-journalists to interview him the more for him to deep into how he structured the finance aspect of Lagos State without coming close to money as it is seen in our political settings and other states of the federation, no journalist did; and as a people, we just dumped that there.

Rather we make fun of the impossibilities that, that can’t happen in a country where the James Iboris and Alameasighas have proven to us in times past that as governors; they walk with bags of dollars and pounds at their beck and call.

Linda Ikeji, Nigeria popular and topmost blogger over the weekend revealed she bought a mansion for half a billion naira in an Island even her father dared not go to look for his wealthy friend in high school. Yet she worked so hard to put her name on the list of mansion owners on the wealthy Island.

This she said without her sleeping with anyone for money in her 35 years on earth talkless of doing that with acquiring the said property she showcased the world.

Linda Ikeji said she hasn’t slept with a man for money before, no one has come out to label her a liar who have slept and paid her, yet we screamed how impossible that can be in this country.

Her story is suppose to be investigated by our supposed-good-for-nothing journalists and dared anyman who has slept with her to come and ridicule her boldness; yet it hasn’t been investigated and no man has come out to rubbish her claims.

And we the men who sleep with ladies and give them money need not be ashamed? And ladies who pride in sleeping around for money not hide their heads in shame, that a lady with two breasts and a single vaginal has ridiculed the art/act of promiscuity for them to learn and change ways?

They aren’t learning rather they are speaking against her wealth acquisition as too much (now they agreed it’s true) and advising her what she should have done with her money to less privilege humanity.

Another school of ‘women’ said she must have slept with some rich politicians or wealthy businessmen to achieve this feat (as if they haven’t been sleeping with these set of people for years and don’t have proves to show).

Another man is the ‘Lion of Ebima’ as he is fondly called, Rt. Hon. Rotimi Ameachi, the former governor of the oil rich Rivers state, who just got screened at the upper house few days back. There he said he hasn’t taken bribe before in his life.

Bribe taking or giving involves two people, the giver and taker. I expect to hear someone says he has given him bribe as a two term speaker and governor of Rivers State. One also expect our journalists to reseach on his claims by deep into findings for some proves to counter him. No one and nothing from even his political enemies.
He went also to say if a man sleeps with a girl he’s suppose to help or send an errand, that is corruption. Now because many of our men know we are guilty; instead we chose to castigate him rather than learn of how possible did he do it as a politician all this years.

Is it because the country is in camotose, we believe everyone must throw their dignity like it is expected?

These people mentioned here may have problems with other part of their lives but they SPEAK strongly where their strengths lie and they do this publicly – meaning, if anyone sees or hears what they say as telling a lie, they should counter them. Anyone? No one!

Someone or a people can choose and stand by their vows not to be messed up with ravaging ‘sin’ or crime seen as a possible lifestyle of the society; should such a person be crucified and hung on a public pole that, such “is not possible?”

Please and please, let’s wake up! It is not everyone that can cast his/her chastity to dogs like majority of the populace do.

And I have come to realise that when people speak in the open about a positive part of their lives; it is because they have strength there and haven’t commited blunder in such area. So I as a person believe them. Especially in a country where haters want to drag you down with everything they can lay their hands on.

We should also look out for where our strengths are and speak to encourage people and stop to damn those who are successful in their positive areas of life. Most people have chastity (of truth) and they are proud they have it and doing well with that in a particular area of their lives.

We should rather cultivate ways to learn from that aspect of their lives and be proud doing that! The bible urges us to “follow those who have good reports…” And imbibe their lifestyles.

Remember; success and prosperity do not come from being perfect in ALL things but just ONE thing; and holding your head up high having and doing that one thing just like Linda, Fashola and Ameachi have done.

#‎Take_People_For_Their_Words_Unless_You_Have_A_Prove_To_Caution_Them‬